Parameterizing multi-vent activity at Stromboli Volcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy)

  • Valentino SalvatoreEmail author
  • Aurora Silleni
  • Davide Corneli
  • Jacopo Taddeucci
  • Danilo M. Palladino
  • Gianluca Sottili
  • Danilo Bernini
  • Daniele Andronico
  • Antonio Cristaldi
Research Article


The crater terrace of Stromboli Volcano (Italy) hosts several active vents which have evolved and migrated through time within three main vent areas: south-west (SW), central (C), and north-east (NE). Frequent, jet-like explosions typically take place, episodically interrupted by larger-scale paroxysms, which can substantially modify the morphology of the crater terrace and vent geometries. However, the link between the time-space evolution of vent activity and the shallow conduit system are still a matter of debate. In this work, we analyze the vent position and explosion parameters (jet duration and geometry) of 4296 events at Stromboli in five 72-h-long time-windows between 2005 and 2009, as recorded by an infrared surveillance camera. Vent locations illustrate the resilience of the shallow conduit system, which controls explosive activity at different time scales and depths. At the shallowest depth, where slugs burst, conduit branching and merging determines the evolution of simultaneous or alternating twin vents, while vent shape and slug size control local explosion parameters. These processes show variability on an hourly to daily time scale. Below the depth of the slug burst, the conduit system feeding each vent area controls which specific vent will host the explosions and also, possibly, the size of the slugs. Several observations suggest that the C and SW vent areas may be connected at this depth. The deeper conduit system, common to all vent areas, sets the overall explosion rate of the volcano and maintains a balance of this rate between the NE and the combined SW and C vent areas.


Stromboli Strombolian explosions Crater terrace Vent migration Explosion parameters Conduit system 



We acknowledge Karoly Németh and two anonymous reviewers, as well as the handling editor (Josef Dufek) for the helpful comments that significantly improved the manuscript.

Funding information

This work was partially funded by the Italian “Dipartimento della Protezione Civile” in the frame of the 2007–2009 Agreement with Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia – INGV (Project V2 “Paroxysm”).

Supplementary material

445_2018_1239_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (3.7 mb)
ESM 1 (PDF 3794 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valentino Salvatore
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aurora Silleni
    • 1
    • 2
  • Davide Corneli
    • 1
  • Jacopo Taddeucci
    • 3
  • Danilo M. Palladino
    • 1
  • Gianluca Sottili
    • 1
  • Danilo Bernini
    • 1
  • Daniele Andronico
    • 4
  • Antonio Cristaldi
    • 4
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della TerraSapienza - Università di RomaRomeItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di ScienzeUniversità di Roma TreRomeItaly
  3. 3.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sez. Roma1RomeItaly
  4. 4.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Osservatorio EtneoCataniaItaly

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