Previous studies have shown that histochemical modifications of the endoplasmic reticulum in epithelial cells might be related to their transport function. We have examined the effect of sodium maleate, which produces generalized transport derangement reminiscent of Fanconi syndrome, on the organization, morphology and enzyme activities of endoplasmic reticulum in rat kidney cells. The osmium impregnation technique has revealed that apical vacuoles increase in volume and in number in most proximal tubule cells, and contain osmium deposits. Osmium impregnation of the endoplasmic reticulum is much reduced. In vitro studies, performed with isolated microsomes, show NADPH cytochrome c reductase activity in both normal and maleate-treated rats. As revealed by vanadate, Ca+-ATPase activity in isolated microsomes is unnaffected by maleate but the vanadate-insensitive or passive component of calcium uptake increases particularly later in the response. Therefore, the remaining calcium uptake in the presence of vanadate is indeed passive; in vivo maleate administration also appears to increase the passive entry of calcium into the microsomal compartment. The morphological and histochemical alterations of the endoplasmic reticulum cisternae occur rapidly and with a similar time course to the transport defects, suggesting that this organelle plays a role in transcellular transport. Maleate may directly affect the endoplasmic reticulum membranes whereby passive permeability to calcium is increased. The endocytotic apparatus and possibly exocytosis phenomena are modified by maleate as shown by the increased vacuolization and the presence of black osmium deposits in vacuoles.
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Received: 16 February 1995 / Accepted: 25 July 1995
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McLeese, J., Thiéry, G. & Bergeron, M. Maleate modifies apical endocytosis and permeability of endoplasmic reticulum membranes in kidney tubular cells. Cell Tissue Res 283, 29–37 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004410050509
- Key words: Maleate
- Endoplasmic reticulum
- Fanconi syndrome -Membrane recycling apparatus
- Rat (Sprague Dawley)