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Epigenetics in esophageal cancers

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Abstract

Esophageal cancers are a challenging upper gastrointestinal tract tumor entity for interdisciplinary oncology. For the two main histotypes, namely esophageal squamous cell carcinomas and Barrett’s adenocarcinomas, several genetic aberrations have been shown to contribute to carcinogenesis and progression as well as to represent potential novel targets for therapeutic intervention. This is paralleled by growing insight into epigenetic alterations of esophageal cancers. Studies involving the analyses of human tissue specimens predominantly describe altered patterns of miRNA expression, DNA methylation patterns, and histone marks levels. This review provides a critical update on this increasing knowledge of epigenetic alteration in esophageal cancers by specifically focusing on the translational aspects of epigenetic analyses from human tissue specimens.

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Correspondence to Silke Lassmann.

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Ahrens, T.D., Werner, M. & Lassmann, S. Epigenetics in esophageal cancers. Cell Tissue Res 356, 643–655 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-014-1876-y

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Keywords

  • Esophageal cancers
  • Epigenetics
  • miRNA
  • DNA Methylation
  • Histone marks