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Dysfunction of neuronal calcium signalling in neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration

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Abstract

Neurodegeneration has been increasingly recognised as the leading structural correlate of disability progression in autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis. Since calcium signalling is known to regulate the development of degenerative processes in many cell types, it is believed to play significant roles in mediating neurodegeneration. Because of its function as a major juncture linking various insults and injuries associated with inflammatory attack on neuronal cell bodies and axons, it provides potential for the development of neuroprotective strategies. This is of great significance because of the lack of neuroprotective agents presently available to supplement the current array of immunomodulatory treatments. In this review, we summarise the role that various calcium channels and pumps have been shown to play in the development of neurodegeneration under inflammatory autoimmune conditions. The identification of suitable targets might also provide insights into applications in non-inflammatory neurodegenerative diseases.

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Correspondence to Ricarda Diem.

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Fairless, R., Williams, S.K. & Diem, R. Dysfunction of neuronal calcium signalling in neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Cell Tissue Res 357, 455–462 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-013-1758-8

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Keywords

  • Calcium signalling
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Neurons
  • Autoimmunity