Fluorometric cell attachment assays together with competitive inhibitors of adhesion were used to probe for the presence of integrins, a diverse family of heterodimeric cell-surface glycoproteins involved in cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesion, in the fibroblastic rainbow trout cell line, RTG-2. The adhesive properties of this cell line were evaluated. RTG-2 cells adhered poorly to TC plastic in the absence of serum but as little as 2.5% fetal bovine serum allowed over 75% of the cells to attach after 5 h. Surfaces coated with the extracellular matrix proteins collagen I, collagen IV, fibrin, fibrinogen, or fibronectin were able to support attachment of RTG-2 cells. Adhesion of RTG-2 cells to fibronectin varied linearly with fibronectin coating densities in the range 0 to 65 ng/mm2. Oligopeptides containing the sequence Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) caused dose-dependent inhibition of adhesion to microtiter plates coated with fibrin, fibrinogen, and fibronectin, whereas attachment to collagen I and collagen IV was less severely affected. In all cases, peptides containing Arg-Gly-Glu (RGE) or Asp-Gly-Arg (DGR) sequences caused no reduction of cell attachment. Since many integrins mediate adhesion by binding to RGD sequences in their target ligands, these results suggest the presence of integrin-like adhesion molecules on the surface of RTG-2 cells.
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Reinhart, B., Lee, L.E. Integrin-like substrate adhesion in RTG-2 cells, a fibroblastic cell line derived from rainbow trout. Cell Tissue Res 307, 165–172 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-001-0495-6
- Cell adhesion Fibronectin Integrin Fibroblasts Fish cell lines Rainbow trout Cell culture