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Polymorphism in promoter region of Fcα receptor gene in patients with IgA nephropathy

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Abstract.

We have recently identified two novel polymorphisms (–114T/C and +56T/C relative to the major transcription start site) in the functional promoter region of the Fcα receptor (Fc α R) gene. Since altered FcαR expression may be associated with IgA nephropathy, we examined these promoter polymorphisms in this disease. Patients with IgA nephropathy (n=90), patients with other primary glomerulonephritis (n=50), and healthy adults (n=83) were studied. Genotyping was performed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by direct sequence analysis and was subsequently confirmed by PCR with mismatched primers followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The study demonstrated that the frequency of the +56C allele in patients with IgA nephropathy (0.511) was significantly (P<0.01) higher than that in patients with other primary glomerulonephritis (0.350) and healthy adults (0.337). In addition, a significant increase in the frequency of the +56CC genotype was observed in patients with IgA nephropathy (27.8% vs 10.0% in other GN and vs 9.6% in healthy adults). In contrast, no significant difference in the frequencies of the +56CC genotype and +56C allele was observed between other primary glomerulonephritis patients and healthy adults. The frequency of the –114CC genotype in patients with IgA nephropathy was significantly increased compared with those in both control groups (15.6% vs 4.0% in other GN and vs 2.4% in healthy adults). Polymorphisms of the Fc α R promoter region therefore appear to be associated with susceptibility to IgA nephropathy, suggesting the importance of the Fc α R gene and its expression in this disease.

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Tsuge, T., Shimokawa, T., Horikoshi, S. et al. Polymorphism in promoter region of Fcα receptor gene in patients with IgA nephropathy. Hum Genet 108, 128–133 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004390100458

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Keywords

  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Promoter Region
  • Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism
  • Fragment Length Polymorphism
  • Glomerulonephritis