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The human neuregulin-2 (NRG2) gene: cloning, mapping and evaluation as a candidate for the autosomal recessive form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease linked to 5q

Abstract

Neuregulin-2 (NRG2) is a novel member of the neuregulin family of growth and differentiation factors. Through interaction with the ErbB family of receptors, neuregulin-2 induces the growth and differentiation of epithelial, neuronal, glial and other types of cells. In this study, we have cloned the human neuregulin-2 gene, and determined its genomic structure and alternative splicing patterns. By using radiation hybrid mapping panels, the human NRG2 gene was mapped to the D5S658–D5S402 region within 5q23–q33, close to an autosomal recessive form of demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. The NRG2 gene was found to be on two yeast artificial chromosomes overlapping the candidate interval and was, thus, considered a good positional candidate for this form of CMT. When the entire neuregulin-2 coding sequence and splice junctions were explored, however, no mutation was identified in one CMT family linked to 5q23–q33. In addition, three intronic single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified in the NRG2 gene. Genotyping in two families localized the NRG2 gene outside of the revised candidate interval between D5S402–D5S210 and excluded NRG2 as the gene responsible for this form of CMT disease.

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Received: 11 December 1998 / Accepted: 19 January 1998

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Ring, H., Chang, H., Guilbot, A. et al. The human neuregulin-2 (NRG2) gene: cloning, mapping and evaluation as a candidate for the autosomal recessive form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease linked to 5q. Hum Genet 104, 326–332 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004390050961

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Keywords

  • Radiation Hybrid
  • Yeast Artificial Chromosome
  • Positional Candidate
  • ErbB Family
  • Radiation Hybrid Mapping