The lactococcal plasmid pFX2 belongs to a family of plasmids, whose prototype is the streptococcal plasmid pMV158, that replicates by the rolling circle mechanism. Determination of the nucleotide sequence of the repX gene of pFX2 allowed us to make some minor corrections in the published sequence, and to show that the repX gene is identical to the rep gene of plasmid pWV01. We have established pFX2 in Escherichia coli and in Streptococcus pneumoniae. In the latter host, we have defined in vivo the nick site introduced by the RepX protein. Plasmid pFX2 and the pMV158 derivative pLS1 exhibit a moderate degree of incompatibility in S. pneumoniae. Cloning of the double strand origin (dso) of pFX2 into a high-copy-number plasmid that is compatible with the pMV158 replicon led to an increase in incompatibility toward pLS1. Plasmids pFX2 and pLS1 exhibit homologies in their Rep proteins and in their dso sequences, but not in their negative control elements. Thus, the observed incompatibility indicates that cross-recognition of Rep proteins and dso takes place.
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Received: 25 May 1998 / Accepted: 8 July 1998
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Grohmann, E., Moscoso, M., Zechner, E. et al. In vivo definition of the functional origin of leading strand replication on the lactococcal plasmid pFX2. Mol Gen Genet 260, 38–47 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004380050868
- Key words Replication initiator protein
- Control of replication
- Plasmid incompatibility
- Rolling circle replication