The complete sequence of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of the true slime mold Physarum polycephalum has been determined. The mtDNA is a circular 62,862-bp molecule with an A+T content of 74.1%. A search with the program BLAST X identified the protein-coding regions. The mitochondrial genome of P. polycephalum was predicted to contain genes coding for 12 known proteins [for three cytochrome c oxidase subunits, apocytochrome b, two F1Fo-ATPase subunits, five NADH dehydrogenase (nad) subunits, and one ribosomal protein], two rRNA genes, and five tRNA genes. However, the predicted ORFs are not all in the same frame, because mitochondrial RNA in P. polycephalum undergoes RNA editing to produce functional RNAs. The nucleotide sequence of an nad7 cDNA showed that 51 nucleotides were inserted at 46 sites in the mRNA. No guide RNA-like sequences were observed in the mtDNA of P. polycephalum. Comparison with reported Physarum mtDNA sequences suggested that sites of RNA editing vary among strains. In the Physarum mtDNA, 20 ORFs of over 300 nucleotides were found and ORFs 14–19 are transcribed.
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Takano, H., Abe, T., Sakurai, R. et al. The complete DNA sequence of the mitochondrial genome of Physarum polycephalum . Mol Gen Genet 264, 539–545 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004380000357
- Mitochondria mtDNA Physarum polycephalum RNA editing