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Genetic history of Bashkirian Mari and Southern Mansi ethnic groups in the Ural region

  • Eszter Dudás
  • Andrea Vágó-Zalán
  • Anna Vándor
  • Anastasia Saypasheva
  • Péter Pomozi
  • Horolma PamjavEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

According to genetic studies, the Hungarian Y-chromosomal gene pool significantly differs from other Uralic-speaking populations. Hungarians possess a significant frequency of haplogroup R1a-Z280 and a low frequency of haplogroup N-Tat, which is common among other Uralic-speaking populations. Based on this evidence, we further worked to define the links between the linguistically related Hungarian, Mansi and Bashkirian Mari populations. Samples were collected from 45 Bashkirian Mari and 36 Southern Mansi males in the Ural region. We analyzed male-specific markers including 23 STRs and 36 SNPs, which reflect past and recent paternal genetic history. We found that the haplogroup distribution of the two population samples showed high genetic similarity to each other except for the N-Tat* and R1a-Z93 haplogroups in the Bashkirian Mari males. On the MDS plots constructed from Fst- and Rst-genetic distances, the Bashkirian Mari and Southern Mansi population groups showed close genetic affinities with the Khanty, Northern Mansi, Mari, and Estonian populations. For phylogenetic studies, networks were constructed for the most frequent haplogroups in both populations together with other Eurasian populations. Both populations shared common haplotypes within haplogroups R1a-Z280 or N-L1034 with Hungarian speakers, suggesting a common paternal genetic footprint that arose in prehistoric or historic times. Overall, the Hungarian, Mansi, and Bashkirian Mari populations have a much more complex genetic history than the traditional linguistic model or history would suggest. Further studies are needed to clarify the common genetic profiles may have been acquired directly or indirectly during the more or less known their history.

Keywords

Y haplotypes and haplogroups Bashkirian Mari Southern Mansi ethnic groups Human demographic history 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported the Network of Forensic Science Institutes (NFSI) and we would like to say special thanks to the former general director of the NFSI, Dr. Eva Susa for her financial support and Morgan Murchison for English editing. We also thank all the sample donors and the laboratory assistants. We thank both reviewers for their constructive comments and suggestions.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical standards

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hungarian Institute for Forensic Sciences, Institute of Forensic GeneticsBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Hungarian National Organization of World Congress of Finno-Ugric PeoplesBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Department of Finno-Ugric StudiesEötvös Loránd UniversityBudapestHungary

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