HOXA4-regulated miR-138 suppresses proliferation and gefitinib resistance in non-small cell lung cancer
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Many non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients initially benefiting from gefitinib are confronted with acquired resistance. MiR-138 was previously stated as a growth inhibitor of several cancer cell lines including NSCLC cells and its expression level was significantly lower in gefitinib-resistant cells. The role of miR-138 in NSCLC cell lines PC9 and A549 was verified using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay and colony formation assay. Quantitative real-time PCR (RT-PCR) was employed to assess the level of miR-138 in gefitinib-sensitive PC9 cells and gefitinib-resistant PC9GR cells. Bioinformatic algorithms (TargetScan) and rVISTA 2.0 were used to predict binding sites on miR-138 and its target genes. MiR-138 inhibited cell proliferation of PC9 and A549 cells. In PC9GR cells, miR-138 expression was inhibited. Gefitinib treatment negatively regulated miR-138 in PC9 cells. Transfection of PC9GR cells with miR-138 mimics significantly reduced cell viability. MiR-138 was directly regulated by Homeobox A4 (HOXA4) via an HOXA4-binding site on the promoter region. TargetScan predicted numerous miR-138 target genes and EGFR was found to be the functional downstream effector of miR-138. We demonstrated that miR-138 is regulated by HOXA4 and exerts its functions via inhibiting EGFR expression in NSCLC cells.
KeywordsNon-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) Gefitinib MiR-138 Homeobox A4 (HOXA4) Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)
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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Research involving human participants and/or animals
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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