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Electron microscopical investigation of surface alterations on Giardia lamblia trophozoites after exposure to a cytotoxic monoclonal antibody

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Abstract

 The present study describes a transmission electron microscopical investigation of trophozoites from Giardia lamblia clone GS/M-83-H7 after exposure to monoclonal antibody (MAb) G10/4. From previous studies it is known that this antibody immunoreacts with the parasite’s major surface antigen VSP (variable surface protein) and exhibits a complement-independent cytotoxic effect on trophozoites of clone GS/M-83-H7. Our investigations revealed that cytotoxicity of MAb G10/4 is associated with shedding of VSP-containing membrane vesicles from the parasite surface and a concomitant partial disruption of the cellular membrane. These morphological alterations depend on the cross-linking capacity of the antibody because the immunoreactivity of respective monovalent F(ab)´ has no significant influence on the cell-surface structure. These findings indicate that the membrane-disintegrative activity of MAb G10/4 may be responsible for the parasitocidal function of the antibody.

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Received: 25 May 1995 / Accepted: 29 August 1995

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Hemphill, A., Stäger, S., Gottstein, B. et al. Electron microscopical investigation of surface alterations on Giardia lamblia trophozoites after exposure to a cytotoxic monoclonal antibody. Parasitol Res 82, 206–210 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004360050096

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Keywords

  • Monoclonal Antibody
  • Cytotoxic Effect
  • Surface Protein
  • Surface Antigen
  • Cellular Membrane