Developmental stages of Notocotylus magniovatus Yamaguti, 1934, Catatropis vietnamensis n. sp., Pseudocatatropis dvoryadkini n. sp., and phylogenetic relationships of Notocotylidae Lühe, 1909
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Data on the life cycles and morphology of the developmental stages of Notocotylus magniovatus, Catatropis vietnamensis n. sp., and Pseudocatatropis dvoryadkini n. sp. were obtained. The Pseudocatatropis genus was restored based on our results. For the studied trematodes, the snails Parajuga spp., Helicorbis sujfunensis (Russia), and Melanoides tuberculata (Vietnam) serve as first intermediate hosts. It has been established that C. vietnamensis n. sp. differs from Catatropis harwoodi and Catatropis pakistanensis in the length of the ridge and metraterm and the location of the anterior papillae. In the life cycle of P. dvoryadkini n. sp., as in Pseudocatatropis joyeuxi, cercariae do not leave the first intermediate host. Both species are very similar in morphometric features, despite the fact that they share no common first intermediate hosts in their life cycles, and the areas of the European and Asian populations of flukes do not overlap. In phylogenetic trees and genetic distances based on the nucleotide sequences of the 28S gene and the ITS2 region of ribosomal DNA, Notocotylus attenuatus, Notocotylus intestinalis, and Notocotylus magniovatus are combined into one systematic group, while C. vietnamensis n. sp. and Catatropis indicus form another group. A third group includes members of different genera: P. dvoryadkini n. sp., and Notocotylus malhamensis, as well as three unclassified Notocotylus spp. The presence in the last group of flukes with three rows of papillae and a median ridge and lateral papillae indicates that these systematic criteria are not determinant in establishing membership of the parasitic worms to one or another genus of Notocotylidae.
KeywordsNotocotylidae Catatropis vietnamensis n. sp. Pseudocatatropis dvoryadkini n. sp. Life cycle 28S gene ITS2 region
This work was partially supported by the Program of fundamental research of the Far Eastern Branch of Russian academy of Sciences «Far East» 2018–2020, project number 18–4–039 and the Vietnam’s National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED), grant number 106.05-2018.17.
Compliance with ethical standards
Euthanasia of laboratory animals was carried out in accordance with the Committee on the Ethics of Animal Experiments of the Federal Scientific Center of the East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity, Russia.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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