A putative calcium-ATPase of the secretory pathway family may regulate calcium/manganese levels in the Golgi apparatus of Entamoeba histolytica
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Calcium regulates many cellular processes in protozoa, including growth, differentiation, programmed cell death, exocytosis, endocytosis, phagocytosis, fusion of the endosomes of distinct stages with phagosomes, fusion of phagosomes with lysosomes, and recycling the membrane. In Entamoeba histolytica, the protozoa responsible for human amoebiasis, calcium ions are essential for signaling pathways that lead to growth and development. In addition, calcium is crucial in the modulation of gene expression in this microorganism. However, there is scant information about the proteins responsible for regulating calcium levels in this parasite. In this work, we characterized a protein of E. histolytica that shows a close phylogenetic relationship with Ca2+ pumps that belong to the family of secretory pathway calcium ATPases (SPCA), which for several organisms are located in the Golgi apparatus. The amoeba protein analyzed herein has several amino acid residues that are characteristic of SPCA members. By an immunofluorescent technique using specific antibodies and immunoelectron microscopy, the protein was detected on the membrane of some cytoplasmic vacuoles. Moreover, this putative calcium-ATPase was located in vacuoles stained with NBD C6-ceramide, a Golgi marker. Overall, the current findings support the hypothesis that the presently analyzed protein corresponds to the SPCA of E. histolytica.
KeywordsEntamoeba histolytica Golgi apparatus Calcium-ATPases SPCA
We thank to Carlos Vázquez-Calzada, for his invaluable technical assistance (Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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