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Parasitology Research

, Volume 116, Issue 8, pp 2313–2319 | Cite as

Structure of parasites community in Chaetobranchopsis orbicularis (Cichlidae), a host from the Amazon River system in northern Brazil

  • Marcos Tavares-DiasEmail author
  • Marcos Sidney Brito Oliveira
Original Paper

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to investigate the component communities of parasites in Chaetobranchopsis orbicularis from a tributary of the Amazon River system, in Northern Brazil. In 32 fish examined, 902,551 parasites were collected, including Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, Piscinoodinium pillulare, Sciadicleithrum geophagi, Posthodiplostomum sp., Clinostomum marginatum, Echinorhynchus paranensis, Neoechinorhynchus pterodoridis, and Dolops longicauda. I. multifiliis was the dominant and abundant parasite species. The ectoparasites presented aggregate dispersion, but the endoparasites showed random dispersion pattern. Mean species richness was 4.0 ± 1.5 parasites, mean Brillouin diversity (HB) was 0.33 ± 0.28, mean evenness was 0.15 ± 0.13, and Berger-Parker dominance (d) was 0.85 ± 0.17. The species richness of parasites and HB were positively correlated with the length of hosts. There was positive correlation between the abundance of P. pillulare and length and weight, between the abundance of I. multifiliis and weight, as well as between the abundance of E. paranensis and N. pterodoridis and the length of hosts. Body condition of the hosts was not affected by moderate parasitism. The low diversity of endoparasites indicates that C. orbicularis is a host with low position in the food web. This is the first record of all these parasites for C. orbicularis.

Keywords

Diversity Endohelminths Parasites Protozoans 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Marcos Tavares-Dias was granted (# 303013/2015-0), a Research fellowship from the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq, Brazil). M. S. B. Oliveira was granted a Masters scholarship from CNPq.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcos Tavares-Dias
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marcos Sidney Brito Oliveira
    • 1
  1. 1.Embrapa AmapáMacapáBrazil

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