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A sero-epidemiological survey of Chinese Babesia motasi for small ruminants in China

Abstract

Babesia motasi BQ1 (Lintan) was first isolated from Haemaphysalis qinghaiensis collected in Gannan Tibet Autonomous Region, Gansu province in April 2000. In this study, a total of 3,204 serum samples from small ruminants in 22 provinces located in different districts of China were tested for antibodies against merozoite antigens from cultured B. motasi BQ1 (Lintan) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. This method can survey the prevalence of low-pathogenic Chinese B. motasi. The results of this survey indicated that the average positive rate was 43.5 %, and the positive rates of investigated provinces were significantly different from 6.1 to 91.0 %, and the infections had been found in all provinces investigated. Our data provide large important information regarding the current sero-prevalence of B. motasi in China.

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Acknowledgments

This study was financially supported by the NSFC (no.30800820; no.30972182, no. 31072130, no.31001061), 973 Program (2010CB530206), “948”(2010-S04), Key Project of Gansu Province (1002NKDA035 and 0801NKDA033), NBCITS. MOA, (CARS-38), Specific Fund for Sino-Europe Cooperation, MOST, China, State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology Project (SKLVEB2008ZZKT019); the research was also facilitated by EPIZONE (FOOD-CT-2006-016236), ASFRISK(no.211691), ARBOZOONET(no.211757), and PIROVAC (KBBE-3-245145) of European Commission, Brussels, Belgium.

Conflict of interest

None declared.

Author information

Correspondence to J. X. Luo or G. Q. Guan.

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Wang, J.M., Ma, M.L., Liu, A.H. et al. A sero-epidemiological survey of Chinese Babesia motasi for small ruminants in China. Parasitol Res 112, 2387–2391 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-013-3310-x

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Keywords

  • Small Ruminant
  • Tick Species
  • Babesia
  • Positive Seron
  • Babesiosis