Three isolates of predator fungi Duddingtonia flagrans (AC001), Monacrosporium thaumasium (NF34), and Arthrobotrys robusta (I-31) were assessed in in vitro test regarding the capacity of prey infective larvae (L3) Strongyloides westeri. Compared to control, without fungus, there was a significant decrease (P < 0.01) of 80.4%, 67.9%, and 72.8% in means of infective larvae S. westeri recovered from treatments with isolates AC001, NF34, and I-31, respectively. All tested isolates were efficient in the capture of S. westeri (P > 0.01) in vitro test. Linear regression coefficients of treated and control groups were −0.21 for control, −0.32 for D. flagrans, −0.34 for M. thaumasium, and −0.22 for A. robusta. In the following, isolates AC001 and NF34 were assessed in vivo regarding the capacity of supporting the passage through equine gastrointestinal tract without loss of ability of preying infective larvae S. westeri. Fungal isolates survived the passage and were efficient in preying L3 since the first 12 h of collection (P < 0.01) in relation to the control group (without fungus). Compared to control, there was a significant decrease (P < 0.01) of 76.4% and 76.7% (12 h), 86.4% and 85.9% (24 h), 88.3% and 87.7% (48 h), and 89.9% and 87.2% (72 h) in means of infective larvae S. westeri recovered from treatments with isolates AC001 and NF34, respectively. Linear regression coefficients of L3 of recovered S. westeri regarding the collections due to time were 1.93 for control, −3.52 for AC001, and −2.64 for NF34. Fungi D. flagrans and M. thaumasium (NF34) have demonstrated to be promising for use in the biological control of equine parasite S. westeri.
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This study was supported by the Research Project of the Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brasil. To FAPEMIG for the financial support, and CAPES/Finep, for the scholarships granted.
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Araujo, J.M., Araújo, J.V., Braga, F.R. et al. In vitro predatory activity of nematophagous fungi and after passing through gastrointestinal tract of equine on infective larvae of Strongyloides westeri . Parasitol Res 107, 103–108 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-010-1841-y
- Fungal Isolate
- Infective Larva
- Linear Regression Coefficient
- Predatory Activity
- Nematophagous Fungus