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Why do Siberian chipmunks Tamias sibiricus (Sciuridae) introduced in French forests acquired so few intestinal helminth species from native sympatric Murids?

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Abstract

A lack of newly acquired species partly explains why introduced host species have poor specific parasite diversity. The intestinal helminth community from two native Murid host species, wood mice Apodemus sylvaticus [Murinae] (n = 40), bank voles Clethrionomys glareolus [Arvicolinae] (n = 42), and an introduced Sciurid, the Siberian chipmunk Tamias sibiricus (n = 42), dominant in the rodent communities, was studied from three woody areas in the Ile-de-France region. Native gastrointestinal helminth fauna from mice and voles was formed by 12 taxa: ten nematodes, Aonchotheca murissylvatici, Aonchotheca annulosa, Aspiculuris tetraptera, Eucoleus sp., Heligmosomoides glareoli, Heligmosomoides polygyrus, Mastophorus muris, Syphacia frederici, Syphacia stroma, Trichuris muris, a Cestode and a Trematode. Two helminth taxa were imported by chipmunks from eastern Asia: Brevistriata skrjabini and Strongyloides callosciureus. Only A. annulosa was transferred to chipmunks from the native small rodent community. None of the 82 native murids harbored chipmunk helminths. The developmental ability of helminth according to host phylogenetic relatedness was the main driving force explaining the species composition of the helminth community between these sympatric native and introduced hosts.

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Acknowledgements

We wish to thank F. Bart, C. Huchery, C. Jérusalem, M. Laprun, G. Le Flohic, J. Prieur, and M. Roussel for their help in the parasitological analysis. C. Huchery and G. Ainsworth (Charles Darwin University, Australia) kindly improved the English version of the ms. This work was funded by the Région Ile-de-France, the Conseil Général des Hauts-de-Seine, and the Office National des Forêts.

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Correspondence to Jean-Louis Chapuis.

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Pisanu, B., Lebailleux, L. & Chapuis, J. Why do Siberian chipmunks Tamias sibiricus (Sciuridae) introduced in French forests acquired so few intestinal helminth species from native sympatric Murids?. Parasitol Res 104, 709–714 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-008-1279-7

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Keywords

  • Host Species
  • Bank Vole
  • Wood Mouse
  • Trichuris
  • Helminth Species