Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

First report of two Balantidium species from the Chinese giant salamander, Andrias davidianus: Balantidium sinensis Nie 1935 and Balantidium andianusis n. sp.

  • 218 Accesses

  • 11 Citations

Abstract

Two ciliated protozoa, Balantidium sinensis Nie 1935 and Balantidium andianusi n. sp., were isolated from the feces of a wild Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) captured from the mountainous area of Shiyan, Hubei Province, Central China in October 2006. It is the first report of Balantidium species inhabiting Cryptobranchoidea amphibians. The occurrence of B. sinensis in A. davidianus should be a new record because the type specimens were first discovered and named by Nie in 1935 from Rana nigromaculata and Rana plancyi. For the lack of enough descriptions of taxonomic features in the previous report, it was re-described in detail and compared with Nie’s type specimens and B. giganteum to complete the morphological descriptions in the present work. B. andianusi n. sp. was considered to be a new species based on its unique morphological characteristics, especially the high length/width ratio of the vestibulum (8:1). Comparisons were also made among Balantidium species that were found from urodele amphibians.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  1. Bezzenberger E (1904) Über Infusorien aus asiatischen Anuren. Arch Protistenkd 3:138–174

  2. Bhatia BL, Gulati AN (1927) On some parasitic ciliates from Indian frogs, earthworms and cockroaches. Arch Protistenkd 57:85–120

  3. Dobell CC (1910) On some parasitic protozoa from Ceylon. Spolia Zeylan 7:65–87

  4. Earl PR (1973) The ciliate families Balantididae, Dilleriidae n. fam. and Nathellidae. Reviste de Biologia 9(1–4):175–185

  5. Ehrenberg CG (1838) Die infusionsthierchen als vollkommene organismen. Leopold Voss, Leipzig, p 612

  6. Ghosh EN (1921) Infusoria from the environment of Calcutta. I. Bull. Carmichael Med. Coll. Calcutta No. II

  7. Hou JH, Zhu BC, Dong YW, Li PQ, Liu HM, Wang XQ (2004) Research advances of Chinese giant salamander, Andrias davidianus. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 23(3):262–266

  8. Jírovec O (1930) Über ein neues Balantidium aus dem Darmtraktus von Amblystoma tigrinum. Parasitol Res 3(1):17–21

  9. Khan MM, Ip YK (1986) Parasites of toads from Singapore, with a description of Balantidium singaporensis sp. n. (Ciliophora: Balantidiidae). Zoological Science 3(33):543–546

  10. Liu CC (1950) Amphibians of Western China. Fieldiana Zool Mem 2:1–400

  11. Mahoon MS, Khan MI (1986) Entozoic protozoa of frog Rana cyanophlyctis Schneider. Biologia (Lahore) 32:383–420

  12. Nie DS (1935) Intestinal ciliates of Amphibia of Nanking. Contr Biol Lab Sc Soc China 11(2):47–95

  13. Pal NL, Dasgupta B (1978) Observations on 2 new species of balantidium in the indian salamander tylototriton verrucosus caudata salamandridae. Proc Zool Soc (Calcutta) 31(1–2):47–52

  14. Puytorac PD, Grain J (1965) Structure et ultrastructure de Balantidium xenopi sp. nov. Cilié trichostome parasite du batracien Xenopus fraseri Boul. Protistologica 1:29–36

  15. Ray H (1932) On the morphology of Balantidium sushilii n. sp., from Rana tigrina Daud. J R Microsc Soc 52:374–382

  16. Rodriguez JM (1939) On the morphology of Balantidium kirbyi n. sp., from the Plathander. J Parasitol 25:197–201

  17. Scott MJ (1927) Studies on the Balantidium from the guinea-pig. J Morphol 44(3):417–465

  18. Senler NG, Yildiz I (2000) The ciliate fauna in the digestive system of Rana ridibunda (Amphibia: Anura) I: Balantidium (Balantidiidae, Trichostomatida). Turk J Zoolog 24:33–43

  19. Shete SG, Krishnamurthy R (1984) Observations on the rectal ciliates of the genus Balantidium, Claparede and Lachman, 1858 from Indian amphibians Rana tigrina and R. cyanophlyctis. Arch Protistenkd 128:179–194

  20. Stein FV (1867) Der organismus der infusionsthiere II. Leipzig

  21. Walker LE (1909) Sporulation in the parasitic Ciliata. Arch Protistenkd 17:297

  22. Zhang KJ, Wang XM, Wu W, Wang ZH, Huang S (2002) Advances in conservation biology of Chinese giant salamander. Biodiversity Science 10(3):291–29

  23. Zhao E, Hu Q, Jiang Y, Yang Y (1998) Studies on Chinese salamanders. Society for the study of amphibians and reptiles, Oxford

Download references

Acknowledgements

We express our sincerest thanks to Prof. WS Feng for providing help in taking the photomicrographs and Prof. LX Li for the critical reading of the manuscript. We are especially grateful to Prof. JN Grim for his generous supply of information and “old” reprints. Financial support for this study was provided by the Key Science-Technology Project of Hubei Province of China under Grant No. 2007AA203A01.

Author information

Correspondence to Jianguo Wang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Li, M., Wang, J., Zhang, J. et al. First report of two Balantidium species from the Chinese giant salamander, Andrias davidianus: Balantidium sinensis Nie 1935 and Balantidium andianusis n. sp.. Parasitol Res 102, 605–611 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-007-0795-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Hubei Province
  • Body Dimension
  • Ciliated Protozoan
  • Contractile Vacuole
  • Fresh Feces