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Association of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in eosinophilic meningitis of BALB/c mice caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis

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Induction of gelatinase in eosinophilic meningitis of BALB/c-strain mice was caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Time-course studies showed that the molecular weight of 94-kDa gelatinase was detected at day 10 post-inoculation (PI), and reached a high intensity from days 15 to 25 PI. The 94-kDa gelatinase activity was clearly inhibited by EDTA and 1,10-phenanthroline, but not by leupeptin and phenylmethanesulphonyl fluoride. When immunoblots were performed using specific antiserums against the 94-kDa gelatinase B (matrix metalloproteinase-9; MMP-9) with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the 94-kDa immunopositive band was MMP-9. Immunohistochemistry studies demonstrated MMP-9 localisation within eosinophils and macrophages. The increased MMP-9 activity was closely associated with the rapid rise of CSF eosinophils, and the inflammatory reaction of the subarachnoid space. In contrast to changes in MMP-9, MMP-2 activity was constitutive and unaffected in this parasitic meningitis. These results show that MMP-9 was associated with eosinophilic meningitis, and that the enzyme may be a useful marker for angiostrongyliasis meningitis.

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This study was supported in part by a grant (NSC-90–2320-B040–015) from the National Science Council, Republic of China.

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Correspondence to S. C. Lai.

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Lee, H.H., Chou, H.L., Chen, K.M. et al. Association of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in eosinophilic meningitis of BALB/c mice caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Parasitol Res 94, 321–328 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-004-1196-3

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  • Meningitis
  • Subarachnoid Space
  • Gelatin Zymography
  • Gelatinase Activity
  • Chronic Meningitis