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Additive effect of concomitant multiple low-dose doxorubicin and thoracic irradiation on ex vivo cardiac performance of the rat heart

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Abstract

The effects of doxorubicin alone or combined with local heart irradiation on ex vivo cardiac performance were studied in Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were treated with doxorubicin either administered as a single bolus injection or administered weekly during a period of 10 weeks. In “combined” experiments, local heart irradiation with a single dose of 15 Gy was given prior to drug administration. Evaluation of cardiac performance was performed 14 weeks after initiation of treatment. At drug doses that were tolerated by the rat, single injections with doxorubicin (sd-DXR; up to a dose of 5 mg/kg) did not lead to a change in cardiac performance whereas multiple injections with low-dose doxorubicin (mld-DXR; up to a cumulative dose of 20 mg/kg) led to a dose-dependent decrease in cardiac function. Extracardial toxicity as a result of mld-DXR (cumulative dose ≤15 mg/kg) was mild when compared to the toxicities observed after sd-DXR (5.0 and 7.5 mg/kg). When administration of mld-doxorubicin was preceded by 15 Gy, cardiac performance further decreased. The present data indicate that the interaction between doxorubicin and local heart irradiation with a dose of 15 Gy is additive, when the treatments are given concomitantly. Irradiation did not lead to an increase of DXR-mediated extracardial toxicities. The isolated working rat heart preparation offers a reliable method to evaluate the effects of doxorubicin and new anthracycline analogue on the heart.

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Received: 3 November 1997 / Accepted: 6 December 1997

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Wondergem, J., Franken, N., Chin, A. et al. Additive effect of concomitant multiple low-dose doxorubicin and thoracic irradiation on ex vivo cardiac performance of the rat heart. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 124, 148–154 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004320050148

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  • Key words Irradiation
  • mld-doxorubicin
  • Isolated working rat heart preparation
  • Heart function
  • Rat