Primary anatomical site, adjuvant therapy, and other prognostic variables for dedifferentiated liposarcoma
- 77 Downloads
Dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLPS) is a high-grade, clinically aggressive tumor associated with low survival probabilities. Prognostic variables for DDLPS have not been previously reported in a large patient population.
A total of 3573 patients with primary DDLPS were analyzed from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB). The 5- and 10-year survival probabilities were calculated, and the groups were compared using log-rank comparisons and multivariable Cox hazard regression analysis. Median survival was also calculated.
Males comprised 65% of the cohort, the median age at diagnosis was 64 years of age, and 65.4% of the patients were between 51 and 75 years of age. The most common site for primary tumors is the retroperitoneum or abdomen (59.5%). Head or neck tumors had the best 5-year outcomes (86.4%) followed by extremities (67.1%), pelvis (65.8%), thorax or trunk (58.9%), and finally retroperitoneum or abdomen (42.6%). Best outcomes were noted in the 26- to 50-year-old age group (5-year survival:66.8%), < 10 cm size (5-year survival:66.1%), FNCLCC grade 1 (5-year survival:69.2%), and stage II disease (5-year survival:66.7%). Radiation therapy yielded the best 5-year and 10-year survival probabilities of 59% and 39.3%, respectively. Out of all the adjuvant therapies, the use of radiation resulted in the best 5-year survival of 63.4%.
In the largest and most comprehensive study to date on DDLPS, major findings include primary site as a significant prognostic variable with age at presentation, sex, tumor stage, and type of adjuvant therapy significantly impacting overall survival.
KeywordsDedifferentiated liposarcoma Liposarcoma Anatomical site Survivorship NCDB
This manuscript had no funding sources.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
For this type of study formal consent is not required.