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Multidimensional communication of microRNAs and long non-coding RNAs in lung cancer

  • Tingting Guo
  • Junyao Li
  • Lin Zhang
  • Wei Hou
  • Rongrong Wang
  • Jie ZhangEmail author
  • Peng GaoEmail author
Review – Cancer Research
  • 142 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been a hot topic for many years in the field of cancer research, especially miRNAs and lncRNAs. Because they play critical roles in regulating various cellular processes and are more often involved in tumorigenesis than protein-coding genes. But the cross talk between miRNAs and lncRNAs in cancer has been scarcely studied. This article aims to provide a retrospective review of the latest research on the link between miRNAs and lncRNAs in lung cancer and discusses their potential role as diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for lung cancer in clinical practice.

Methods

We reviewed literatures about ncRNAs and lung cancer from PUBMED databases in this article.

Results

As shown in our review, miRNAs and lncRNAs could represent underlying targets for diagnosis, therapy, prognosis, and drug resistence of lung cancer. By acting as ceRNAs, lncRNAs can competitively inhibit the expression levels of miRNAs, and the lncRNA/miRNA axis can contribute to tumorigenesis, metastasis, and mutidrug resistance in lung cancer via various classic signaling pathways or related proteins.

Conclusion

Based on present knowledge, ncRNAs may provide a novel perspective to understand the pathogenesis of lung cancer and could be candidates in screening of therapeutic targets for lung cancer.

Keywords

microRNAs Long non-coding RNAs Lung cancer Tumorigenesis EMT 

Notes

Acknowledgements

All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in this published article.

Author contributions

JZ and PG contributed to the conception of the study. JL, LZ, WH, and RW contributed significantly to the analysis and manuscript preparation; TG performed the data analyses and wrote the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Funding

This work is partly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 81672297).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals or human participants performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Respiratory MedicineThe Second Hospital of Jilin UniversityChangchunP.R. China

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