Sleep disorders during childhood: a practical review
- 1.4k Downloads
Sleep disorders are a common problem during childhood. The consequences are variable, and sleep disorders can influence medical, psychological and developmental aspects of the growing child. It is important to recognize sleep disorders and to treat them correctly. We discuss common sleep disorders during childhood using the 3rd edition of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders. We analyze the different sleep disorders from a clinical approach and provide an overview of adequate treatment options.
What is known:
• Sleep disorders are a common problem during childhood.
• The consequences are variable, and sleep disorders can influence medical, psychological, and developmental aspects of the growing child.
What is new:
• Pediatricians should routinely screen for sleep and sleep disorders.
• It is important to recognize sleep disorders and to treat them correctly.
KeywordsSleep disorders Childhood Insomnia Clinical characteristics Treatment
delayed sleep wake phase disorder
international classification of sleep disorders
multiple sleep latency test
obstructive sleep apnea
periodic limb movement disorder
restless leg syndrome
sleep-onset rapid eye movement period
Concept of the manuscript: D.O., M.S. and S.V.; Acquisition of data: D.O., M.S. and S.V.; Drafting of the manuscript: D.O., M.S. and S.V.; Critical revision of the manuscript: A.B., I.G. and K.V.H.; Final manuscript: all authors.
- 3.Darien. (2014) International classification of sleep disorders, 3rd ed. American Academy of Sleep MedicineGoogle Scholar
- 4.Jodi A Mindell. (2003) A clinical guide to pediatric sleep. Owens JA, editorGoogle Scholar
- 20.Dye TJ, Gurbani N, Simakajornboon N. (2016) Epidemiology and pathophysiology of childhood narcolepsy. Paediatr Respir Rev.Google Scholar
- 22.Kotagal S. (2017) Treatment of narcolepsy and other organic hypersomnias in children. Paediatr Respir Rev.Google Scholar
- 26.Auger RR, Burgess HJ, Emens JS, Deriy LV, Thomas SM, Sharkey KM (2015) Clinical practice guideline for the treatment of intrinsic circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders: advanced sleep-wake phase disorder (ASWPD), delayed sleep-wake phase disorder (DSWPD), Non-24-hour sleep-wake rhythm disorder (N24SWD), and irregular sleep-wake rhythm disorder (ISWRD). An update for 2015: an American Academy of sleep medicine clinical practice guideline. J Clin Sleep Med 15;11(10):1199–1236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 27.Carter KA, Hathaway NE, Lettieri CF (2014) Common sleep disorders in children. Am Fam Physician 1;89(5):368–377Google Scholar
- 35.Rulong G, Dye T, Simakajornboon N. (2017) Pharmacological Management of Restless Legs Syndrome and Periodic Limb Movement Disorder in children. Paediatr DrugsGoogle Scholar