The authors compared the age and referral patterns of pediatric patients undergoing surgical intervention for cryptorchidism at a rural, West Virginia University, versus urban, Johns Hopkins University, tertiary center. A retrospective review of patients undergoing surgical evaluation for cryptorchidism was performed. Patients treated for reasons unrelated to cryptorchidism or referred for multiple urologic diagnoses were excluded. The patients at each institution were then divided into four groups based on their corrected gestational age at time of surgery. Referral times and provider specialties were also obtained. A total of 131 cases at the urban center and 100 cases at the rural center were identified. At the rural center, the average age of referral and surgery were 48.3 and 53.8 months, respectively, compared to 59.6 and 65.2 months at the urban center. Only 40% of patients at the rural site and 29% at the urban institution underwent intervention at less than 18 months of age. There was no significant difference in time of referral to surgery between the institutions. The majority of referrals were made by private practice pediatricians.
Conclusion: In this study, a pattern of delayed referral and intervention was observed at both institutions despite differing geographic regions and heterogeneous patient populations. It is important that referring providers realize that scrotal U/S does not change management of UDT and should not delay prompt referral.
|What is known:|
|• Significant referral delay is a challenging issue in the management of cryptorchidism.|
|• Ultrasound is not a valid method for the detection of cryptorchidism.|
|What is new:|
|• The rural and urban management of cryptorchidism is not that different.|
|• More emphasis should be put on the detection management of cryptorchidism.|
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American Academy of Pediatrics
American Urologic Association
Current Procedural Terminology
European Association of Urology
Johns Hopkins University
Pediatric Health and Information System
Primary care physician(s)
Urologic Diseases in America Project
West Virginia University
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Level of evidence: 3
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Communicated by Jaan Toelen
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Point, D., Morley, C., Tourchi, A. et al. Rural versus urban compliance in the management of cryptorchidism: is there a difference?. Eur J Pediatr 176, 1067–1073 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-017-2946-4