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Congenital syphilis as a differential diagnosis of non-accidental injury


A two-month-old infant presented with swelling and tenderness of his right forearm. Initially, non-accidental injury was suspected but X-ray appearances were typical of congenital syphilis, which was confirmed on serological testing.

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    Gurry DL, Porter PA, Evans DT (1993) Congenital syphilis: when the medium fails to transmit the message. Med J Aust 159:121–124

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    The UK Collaborative Group for HIV and STI Surveillance (2003) Focus on prevention. HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in the United Kingdom. Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections (HPA CfI), London, UK

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Correspondence to S. Hannam.

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There are no conflicts of interest reported by any of the authors. Funding was not required.

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Lee, G., Ball, C., Sellars, M. et al. Congenital syphilis as a differential diagnosis of non-accidental injury. Eur J Pediatr 167, 1071–1072 (2008).

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  • Congenital syphilis
  • Non-accidental injury