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Differential distribution of the glutamate transporters GLT1 and rEAAC1 in rat cerebral cortex and thalamus: an in situ hybridization analysis

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Abstract

 The distributions in rat cerebral cortex and thalamus of the mRNAs encoding the glutamate transporters GLT1 and rEAAC1 (a rat homologue of rabbit EAAC1) were investigated by nonautoradiographic in situ hybridization using digoxigenin-labelled riboprobes. The probe recognizing rEAAC1 mRNA labelled exclusively neurons while GLT1 mRNA was found in glia as well as in select neuronal populations. The neurons containing the GLT1 transcript exhibited a distribution that was different from, and at some sites complementary to, the distribution of neurons containing rEAAC1 mRNA. In the subiculum, neurons positive for GLT1 and rEAAC1 were found in the deep and superficial part of the cell layer, respectively, while in the parietal neocortex GLT1 predominated in layer VI and rEAAC1 in layer V. Very few neuronal populations, most notably cells in hippocampal subfields CA3 and CA4, and in layer II in the entorhinal cortex, appeared to be equipped with both transcripts. In the thalamus the GLT1 labelling predominated in the midline and intralaminar nuclei while rEAAC1 labelling was found throughout this structure. It was concluded that the cerebral cortex and thalamus show cellular, laminar, as well as regional heterogeneities in the expression of the two glutamate transporters.

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Accepted: 27 September 1996

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Torp, R., Hoover, F., Danbolt, N. et al. Differential distribution of the glutamate transporters GLT1 and rEAAC1 in rat cerebral cortex and thalamus: an in situ hybridization analysis. Anat Embryol 195, 317–326 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004290050051

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  • Key words Non-autoradiographic in situ hybridization
  • Riboprobes
  • GAD 65
  • Glia
  • Glutamate transporters