White matter asymmetries in human situs inversus totalis
Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) was used to investigate white matter asymmetries in participants with situs inversus totalis (SIT) and matched controls. Regardless of visceral condition, hemispheric differences were found for the arcuate fasciculus (ARC) and the superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF), which are involved in language and visuospatial functioning, respectively. The ARC appears lateralized to the left hemisphere, analogous to the left lateralization of functional areas associated with language. The SLF, on the other hand, is lateralized to the right, corresponding with rightward lateralization of visuospatial functioning. Interestingly, SIT participants show a significantly lower number of streamlines in the Uncinate Fasciculus (UNC). In addition, UNC volume appears associated with measures of cognitive performance, a finding in line with previously reported performance differences between SIT participants and controls.
KeywordsSitus inversus totalis White matter asymmetry Lateralization Arcuate fasciculus Uncinate fasciculus Superior longitudinal fasciculus
This study was funded by the Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek-Vlaanderen by FWO-grant n° G.0114.16 N assigned to Guy Vingerhoets.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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