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Purkinje cell age-distribution in fissures and in foliar crowns: a comparative study in the weaver cerebellum

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Generation and settling of Purkinje cells (PCs) are investigated in the weaver mouse cerebellum in order to determine possible relationships with the fissuration pattern. Tritiated thymidine was supplied to pregnant females at the time that these neurons were being produced. Autoradiography was then applied on brain sections obtained from control and weaver offspring at postnatal (P) day 90. This makes it possible to assess the differential survival of neurons born at distinct embryonic times on the basis of the proportion of labeled cells located at the two foliar compartments: fissures and foliar crowns. Our data show that throughout the surface contour of the vermal lobes, generative programs of PCs were close between wild type and homozygous weaver. Similar data were found in the lobules of the lateral hemisphere. On the other hand, the loss of PCs in weaver cerebella can be related to foliar concavities or convexities depending on the vermal lobe or the hemispheric lobule studied. Lastly, we have obtained evidence that late-generated PCs of both normal and mutant mice were preferentially located in fissures. These quantitative relationships lead us to propose a model in which the final distribution of PCs through the vermal contour would be coupled to two factors: the cortical fissuration patterning and a “time-sequential effect” of weaver mutation.

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This research was partially supported by NIH (NS27613).

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Correspondence to Joaquín Martí.

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Martí, J., Santa-Cruz, M.C., Bayer, S.A. et al. Purkinje cell age-distribution in fissures and in foliar crowns: a comparative study in the weaver cerebellum. Brain Struct Funct 212, 347–357 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00429-007-0159-8

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  • Weaver mice
  • Cerebellar cortex
  • Purkinje cells
  • Autoradiography
  • Neurogenetic gradients
  • Fissuration