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GANT-like gastrointestinal pacemaker cell tumours with oncocytic features

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We describe two cases of gastrointestinal stromal tumours with prominent oncocytic features. Both had features consistent with differentiation towards the interstitial cells of Cajal (CC). They were composed of nests and bundles of cells with abundant, deeply granular, eosinophilic cytoplasm. Immunohistochemical investigations revealed positivity with c-kit, vimentin and CD34 antibodies in both neoplasms. Ultrastructurally the neoplastic cells showed characteristic features of CC; they had synapse-like structures and dense core cytoplasmic granules. Oncocytic features were confirmed by immunohistochemistry using anti-mitochondrion antibody in both cases and by electron microscopy in one case (case 1). Although the CC are frequently described as mitochondrion-rich cells, oncocytic changes have not previously been reported as a feature of gastrointestinal autonomic nerve tumour (GANT)-like stromal tumours.

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Received: 5 March 1999 / Accepted: 12 March 1999

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Damiani, S., Pasquinelli, G. & Eusebi, V. GANT-like gastrointestinal pacemaker cell tumours with oncocytic features. Virchows Archiv 435, 143–150 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004280050412

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  • Keywords Oncocytoma
  • Gastrointestinal autonomic nerve tumour
  • Mitochondria
  • Oncocytic changes