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Enlargement of the juxtaglomerular apparatus in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients with microalbuminuria

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Abstract

 Kidney biopsies from 15 insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) patients with microalbuminuria were investigated to obtain quantitative data on the juxtaglomerular apparatus. The IDDM patients were young and normotensive with a mean duration of microalbuminuria of 2 years. Eight healthy kidney donors served as controls. Measurements taken by light microscopy, using 1-µm serial sections of epon blocks, included volumes of the juxtaglomerular apparatus and of glomeruli, areas of the macula densa and luminal area of the juxtaglomerular (afferent and efferent) arterioles at the level of the glomerular vascular pole. The volume of the juxtaglomerular apparatus was significantly larger in the IDDM group than in controls [6.08 (2.96–18.8) 104µm3 vs 3.48 (1.84–5.21) 104µm3, P=0.003, median and (range)], as was the volume of the juxtaglomerular apparatus relative to glomerular volume [1.89(1.28–4.21)% vs 1.48 (1.13–1.71)%, P=0.004]. The area of the macula densa was also larger in the IDDM patients (1370 µm2 vs 937 µm2, P=0.03). Luminal areas of the afferent and efferent arterioles and the ratio between them did not differ significantly between the two groups. In conclusion, the juxtaglomerular apparatus is enlarged more than would be expected from the glomerular hypertrophy in IDDM patients with microalbuminuria.

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Received: 9 December 1997 / Accepted: 3 February 1998

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Gulmann, C., Rudberg, S., Nyberg, G. et al. Enlargement of the juxtaglomerular apparatus in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients with microalbuminuria. Virchows Archiv 433, 63–67 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004280050217

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  • Key words IDDM
  • Microalbuminuria
  • Diabetic glomerulopathy
  • Juxtaglomerular apparatus pathology
  • Stereology