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Poorly differentiated desmin-negative and vimentin-positive leiomyosarcoma of the stomach examined by the immunohistochemical and quick-freezing and deep-etching methods

Abstract

 A poorly differentiated leiomyosarcoma of the stomach in a 41-year-old woman is reported. The diagnosis was confirmed by the diffuse immunohistochemical reaction to HHF35, and the presence of focal density and caveolas in some of the tumour cells by conventional electron microscopy. Immunohistochemically, most tumour cells had an undifferentiated nature, in which negative immunostaining for desmin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, and type IV collagen, and positive immunostaining for vimentin were observed. By the quick-freezing and deep-etching (QF-DE) method, these tumour cells revealed the loss of bundled actin and myosin filaments, which constitute desmin associated structures (focal densities and dense patchy areas). Their cytoplasm had many mitochondria and other cell organelles. The intermediate filaments (IFs), which were determined to be vimentin by immunohistochemistry, were observed in the inter-organellar spaces, and connected with these cell organelles. Actin filaments formed a meshwork structure and were distributed mainly in subplasmalemmal regions. Although a basal lamina was not detected by conventional electron microscopy, basal lamina-like structures, an association between the extracellular matrices and the cell membrane, were observed. Using the QF-DE method, three dimensional ultrastructural alterations of the cytoskeleton and extracellular matrix of the leiomyosarcoma were observed.

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Received: 28 May 1997 / Accepted: 15 September 1997

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Hemmi, A., Komiyama, A., Ohno, S. et al. Poorly differentiated desmin-negative and vimentin-positive leiomyosarcoma of the stomach examined by the immunohistochemical and quick-freezing and deep-etching methods. Virchows Archiv 432, 377–383 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004280050181

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  • Key words Leiomyosarcoma
  • Stomach
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Quick-freezing
  • Deep-etching