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Detection of gene expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and flk-1 in the renal glomeruli of the normal rat kidney using the laser microdissection system

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Abstract.

The recent development of the laser microdissection (LMD) technique enables one to target particular tissues or cells for gene or protein analyses. The purpose of this study was to detect local mRNA expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor, flk-1, in the glomeruli of normal rat kidneys using the LMD system. Frozen sections of the kidney of 8-week-old male Wistar rats were made. The glomeruli were dissected from the frozen sections with the LMD system, and total RNA was extracted from 200 glomeruli in each kidney. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) revealed the local mRNA expression of three isoforms of VEGF, flk-1 and GAPDH in the glomeruli. Moreover, the real-time PCR was performed to evaluate the experimental condition for quantification of VEGF and flk-1 mRNA expression using this system, and the results showed that at least 10 glomeruli might be needed for quantifying local VEGF mRNA expression. However, cDNA from 200 glomeruli was not enough for quantitative evaluation of flk-1 mRNA with this system. These results demonstrate the reproducibility of the analysis of mRNA expression in the renal glomeruli using the LMD system and also suggest that the application of the LMD technique will provide information to further our understanding of the mechanisms involved in kidney diseases.

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Inoue, K., Sakurada, Y., Murakami, M. et al. Detection of gene expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and flk-1 in the renal glomeruli of the normal rat kidney using the laser microdissection system. Virchows Arch 442, 159–162 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00428-002-0719-5

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  • VEGF flk-1 Glomeruli Laser Microdissection