Several studies have provided strong, but indirect evidence that signalling through pathways involving protein kinase C (PKC) plays an important role in morphogenesis and patterning in Hydra. We have cloned a gene (HvPKC2) from Hydra vulgaris which encodes a member of the nPKC subfamily. In adult polyps, HvPKC2 is expressed at high levels in two locations, the endoderm of the foot and the endoderm of the hypostomal tip. Increased expression of HvPKC2 is an early event during head and foot regeneration, with the rise in expression being restricted to the endodermal cells underlying the regenerating ends. No upregulation is observed if regenerates are cut too close to the head to form a foot. Elevated expression of HvPKC2 is also observed in the endoderm underlying lithium-induced ectopic feet. A dynamic and complex pattern of expression is seen in developing buds. Regeneration of either head or foot is accompanied by an increase in the amount of PKC in both soluble and particulate fractions. An increase in the fraction of PKC activity which is membrane-bound is specifically associated with head regeneration. Taken together these data suggest that patterning of the head and foot in Hydra is controlled in part by the level of HvPKC2 expression, whilst head formation is accompanied by an in vivo activation of both calcium-dependent and independent PKC isoforms.
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Received: 10 July 1997 / Accepted: 8 November 1997
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Hassel, M., Bridge, D., Stover, N. et al. The level of expression of a protein kinase C gene may be an important component of the patterning process in Hydra . Dev Gene Evol 207, 502–514 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004270050141
- Key words Hydra
- Protein kinase C