Egg cells were analysed cytologically during the female receptivity period in maize (Zea mays L., line A 188). Three classes of egg cell were distinguished: type A – small, non-vacuolated cells with a central nucleus; type B – larger cells with small vacuoles surrounding the perinuclear cytoplasm located in the middle of the cell; type C – big cells with a large apical vacuole and the mid-basal perinuclear cytoplasm. The less-dense cytoplasm of the vacuolated egg cells usually contained numerous cup- or bell-shaped mitochondria. The three egg types appear to correspond to three late stages of egg cell differentiation. The frequencies of each of the three egg types were monitored in developing maize ears before and after pollination. In young ears, with the silks just extending out of the husks, small A-type cells were found in about 86% of ovules. Their frequency decreased to about 58% at the optimum silk length, remained unchanged in non-pollinated ears, and fell to 16% at the end of the female receptivity period. However, after pollination and before fertilisation the frequency of these cells decreased to about 33%, and the larger vacuolated egg cells (types B and C) prevailed. At various stages of the receptivity period, pollination accelerated changes in the egg population, increasing the number of ovules bearing larger, vacuolated egg cells. Experiments with silk removal demonstrated that putative pollination signals act immediately after pollen deposition and are not species-specific.
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Received: 5 February 1999 / Accepted: 28 August 1999
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Mól, R., Idzikowska, K., Dumas, C. et al. Late steps of egg cell differentiation are accelerated by pollination in Zea mays L.. Planta 210, 749–757 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004250050676
- Key words: Egg cell (differentiation) – Embryo sac (maturity) – Female receptivity – Pollination signal –Zea (egg cells)