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Planta

, Volume 249, Issue 5, pp 1267–1284 | Cite as

Stress-responsive miRNAome of Glycine max (L.) Merrill: molecular insights and way forward

  • S. V. RameshEmail author
  • V. Govindasamy
  • M. K. Rajesh
  • A. A. Sabana
  • Shelly Praveen
Review

Abstract

Main conclusion

Analysis of stress-associated miRNAs of Glycine max (L.) Merrill reveals wider ramifications of small RNA-mediated (conserved and legume-specific miRNAs) gene regulatory foot prints in molecular adaptive responses.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are indispensable components of gene regulatory mechanism of plants. Soybean is a crop of immense commercial potential grown worldwide for its edible oil and soy meal. Intensive research efforts, using the next generation sequencing and bioinformatics techniques, have led to the identification and characterization of numerous small RNAs, especially microRNAs (miRNAs), in soybean. Furthermore, studies have unequivocally demonstrated the significance of miRNAs during the developmental processes and various stresses in soybean. In this review, we summarize the current state of understanding of miRNA-based abiotic and biotic stress responses in soybean. In addition, the molecular insights gained from the stress-related soybean miRNAs have been compared to the miRNAs of other crops, especially legumes, and the core commonalities have been highlighted, though differences among them were not ignored. Nature of response of soybean-derived conserved miRNAs during various stresses was also analyzed to gain deeper insights regarding sRNAome-based defense responses. This review further provides way forward in legume small RNA transcriptomics based on the adaptive responses of soybean and other legume-derived miRNAs.

Keywords

Conserved miRNAs Gene regulation Legumes miRNA evolution Non-coding RNAs Soybean Stressors 

Abbreviations

AGO

Argonaute

AM

Arbuscular mycorrhiza

AP2

APETALA 2

ARF

Auxin response factor

ASR

Asian soybean rust

DCL-1

Dicer-like-1

DRE

Dehydration responsive element

ENOD93

Early nodulin 93

GSS

Genome survey sequence

hc-siRNAs

Heterochromatic siRNAs

HEN 1

HUA enhancer 1

HESO1

HEN1 SUPPRESSOR1

HST1

HASTY 1

HYL1

HYPONASTIC LEAVES1

miRNAs

MicroRNAs

nat-siRNAs

Natural antisense transcript siRNAs

NGS

Next generation sequencing

PEGs

Protein encoding genes

PTGS

Post transcriptional gene silencing

RBPs

dsRNA-binding proteins

RdDM

RNA-dependent DNA methylation

RISC

RNA-induced silencing complex

SCN

Soybean cyst nematode

SE

SERRATE

siRNAs

Small interfering RNAs

SMV

Soybean mosaic virus

sncRNAs

Small non-coding RNAs

SNF

Symbiotic nitrogen fixation

TFs

Transcriptional factors

TGS

Transcriptional gene silencing

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was funded by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)-Indian Institute of Soybean Research (ICAR-IISR) sponsored project (Grant no.: 1.24/12).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare that there are no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Institute of Soybean Research (ICAR-IISR)IndoreIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (ICAR-CPCRI)KasaragodIndia
  3. 3.ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute (ICAR-IARI)New DelhiIndia

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