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Combined effects of very short “all out” efforts during sprint and resistance training on physical and physiological adaptations after 2 weeks of training

  • Stefano Benítez-Flores
  • André R. Medeiros
  • Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli
  • Eliseo Iglesias-Soler
  • Kenji Doma
  • Herbert G. Simões
  • Thiago Santos Rosa
  • Daniel A. BoullosaEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to compare the combined effects of resistance and sprint training, with very short efforts (5 s), on aerobic and anaerobic performances, and cardiometabolic health-related parameters in young healthy adults.

Methods

Thirty young physically active individuals were randomly allocated into four groups: resistance training (RTG), sprint interval training (SITG), concurrent training (CTG), and control (CONG). Participants trained 3 days/week for 2 weeks in the high-intensity interventions that consisted of 6–12 “all out” efforts of 5 s separated by 24 s of recovery, totalizing ~ 13 min per session, with 48–72 h of recovery between sessions. Body composition, vertical jump, lower body strength, aerobic and anaerobic performances, heart rate variability (HRV), and redox status were evaluated before and after training. Total work (TW), rating of perceived exertion (CR-10 RPE) and mean HR (HRmean) were monitored during sessions. Incidental physical activity (PA), dietary intake and perceived stress were also controlled.

Results

Maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) significantly increased in SITG and CTG (P < 0.05). Lower body strength improved in RTG and CTG (P < 0.05), while countermovement jump (CMJ) was improved in RTG (P = 0.04) only. Redox status improved after all interventions (P < 0.05). No differences were found in TW, PA, dietary intake, and psychological stress between groups (P > 0.05).

Conclusions

RT and SIT protocols with very short “all out” efforts, either performed in isolation, or combined, demonstrated improvement in several physical fitness- and health-related parameters. However, CT was the most efficient exercise intervention with improvement observed in the majority of the parameters.

Keywords

High-intensity interval training Sprint interval training Concurrent training Cardiometabolic health Performance 

Abbreviations

α1

Detrended fluctuations of short-term fractal scaling

BPSS-10

Brazilian 10-item version of the perceived stress scale

CAT

Catalase

CMJ

Countermovement jump

CO2

Carbon dioxide

CT

Concurrent training

CTG

Concurrent training group

CONG

Control group

CR-10

RPE Category-ratio 10 scale rating of perceived exertion

EE

Energy expenditure

GSH

Glutathione reduced

HIIT

High-intensity interval training

HRV

Heart rate variability

IPAQ

International physical activity questionnaire

MF

Mean force

MP

Mean power

MV

Mean velocity

Pmax

Maximum power

PP

Peak power

RER

Respiratory exchange ratio

RT

Resistance training

RTG

Resistance training group

RMSSD

Root mean square of successive differences between R–R intervals

RPMmax

Maximal pedaling rate

SDNN

Standard deviation of all R–R intervals

SIT

Sprint interval training

SITG

Sprint interval training group

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

TBARS

Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances

TW

Total work

UA

Uric acid

VE

Ventilation

VO2max

Maximum oxygen consumption

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Arilson de Sousa, Danielle Garcia, Fernanda Rodrigues, Leticia Freire, Lysleine Deus, Gabriela Thomaz and Lucas Pinheiro for their help during the data collection. This work was funded by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (PQ2, PQ1B), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior and Agencia Nacional de Investigación e Innovación.

Author contributions

SB-F, DAB, and TSR conceived the study design. SB-F, ARM, and TSR conducted the experiments. SB-F and EI-S conducted the statistical analyses. SB-F, EI-S, TSR, KD and DAB interpreted the results. SB-F, FAV, EI-S, TSR, ARM, KD and DAB: wrote the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript version.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Post-Graduation Program in Physical EducationCatholic University of BrasiliaBrasíliaBrazil
  2. 2.Post-graduation Program in Health Sciences, Faculty of MedicineFederal University of Mato GrossoCuiabáBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical EducationUniversity of A CorunaA CoruñaSpain
  4. 4.Sport and Exercise ScienceJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia

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