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European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 119, Issue 5, pp 1149–1156 | Cite as

Suitability of jumps as a form of high-intensity interval training: effect of rest duration on oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood lactate

  • Andreas KramerEmail author
  • Tamara Poppendieker
  • Markus Gruber
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

High-intensity interval training (HIT) has been shown to be an effective endurance training method. However, most HIT research has been conducted on running and cycling. The aim of this study was to assess the suitability of intermittent exercises such as jumps as a type of HIT.

Methods

Respiratory gases, heart rate and ground reaction forces were recorded for 21 participants (age 25 ± 4 years, mass 73 ± 12 kg, 13 male) during 5 distinct jump sessions on different days that varied with respect to the rest durations in between series (0, 15 or 30 s) and in between jumps (0, 1 or 2 s). Blood lactate was determined 3 min after the last series. Prior to the first session, maximal jump height as well as V′O2max during cycling was recorded.

Results

Peak oxygen uptake and heart rate were nearly maximal during all five jump sessions (87–99% of V′O2max, 96–98% of maximal heart rate). The time spent at more than 90% of V′O2max (1–43% of the total session duration), average jump height (34–82% of maximal jump height) and lactate accumulation (4–9 mmol/l) differed between jump sessions, mainly depending on the rest interval between jumps (p < 0.001, rmANOVA between sessions with different rest intervals between jumps).

Conclusion

With short rest intervals, jumping elicited comparable acute responses as reported for running or cycling HIT. Thus, training programs using intermittent exercises should elicit similar adaptations as other forms of HIT, provided the rest intervals are sufficiently short. Heart rate might be of limited value when comparing different types of HIT.

Keywords

HIT Plyometrics Cardiovascular Jump training 

Abbreviations

CMJ

Countermovement jump

GRF

Ground reaction force

HIT

High-intensity interval training

HR

Heart rate

RPE

Rated perceived exertion

V′O2max

Maximal oxygen uptake

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Benjamin Weiss for his help with data acquisition. This study was co-funded by the NPI program of the European Astronaut Centre (EAC NPI 534, Contract 4000122797).

Author contributions

AK contributed to study preparation and execution, data analysis, figure preparation and manuscript draft. TP contributed to study execution, data analysis and manuscript revision, MG contributed to study preparation and manuscript revision. All the authors read and approved the manuscripts.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sensorimotor Performance LabUniversity of KonstanzConstanceGermany
  2. 2.FG SportwissenschaftUniversität KonstanzConstanceGermany

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