Effects of a highly intensive clean and jerk exercise on blood pressure and arterial stiffness in experienced non-professional weight lifters
Weight lifting training has gained much popularity in recent years and is frequently used in non-professional and professional settings. However, little is known about the acute effects of a highly intensive weight lifting exercise (clean and jerk) on the hemodynamic reaction.
18 non-professional experienced weight lifters were recruited. Hemodynamic parameters were obtained and measured at baseline (T1), after warming up (T2), and after a highly intensive clean and jerk exercise (90–95% of personal best; T3). Further, 15 (T4), and 30 min (T5) post-exercise measurements were conducted. Evaluated parameters were heart rate (HR) (b/min), peripheral and central systolic and diastolic blood pressure (pSysBP, pDiaBP, cSysBP, cDiaBP) (mmHg), pulse wave velocity (PWV) (m/s), and double product (DP).
All hemodynamic values increased from T1 up to T3 with significantly higher values measured at T3 compared to T1 and T2. Values of measured parameters at T3 were as follows: HR: 94.4 ± 15.6 b/min, pSysBP: 147.1 ± 15.9 mmHg, pDiaBP: 87.4 ± 12.2 mmHg, cSysBP: 129.3 ± 13.8 mmHg, cDiaBP: 89.9 ± 12.8 mmHg, and: 5.8 ± 0.5 m/s, DP: 14053 ± 3669. Post-exercise (T4, T5), all values returned to baseline levels.
Results indicate that a highly intensive weight lifting exercise led to an acute increase of blood pressure and an acute stiffening of the arteries. Yet, increases were moderate and did not reach disproportionately high levels and returned to baseline levels within 15 min post-exercise. Hence, no negative acute effects of a maximum weight lifting exercise on the hemodynamic system are observed.
KeywordsArterial stiffness Resistance training Weight lifting Clean and jerk Blood pressure Arterial compliance
Analyses of variance
Central diastolic blood pressure
Central systolic blood pressure
Millimeter of mercury
Meter per second
Peripheral diastolic blood pressure
Peripheral systolic blood pressure
Pulse wave velocity
The authors would like to thank Anke Schmitz for her excellent technical support.
The contributions of the authors were as follows: FT and ER had the original idea for the study. FT, HO, ER, EI contributed to conception or design of the study and analysis or interpretation of the data of the present study. FT and ER drafted the manuscript and HO, EI, WB and MG critically revised the manuscript for important intellectual content.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
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