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Effects of a highly intensive clean and jerk exercise on blood pressure and arterial stiffness in experienced non-professional weight lifters

  • Fabian TomschiEmail author
  • Esther Rautenberg
  • Eduard Isenmann
  • Hannah Ottmann
  • Wilhelm Bloch
  • Marijke Grau
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Weight lifting training has gained much popularity in recent years and is frequently used in non-professional and professional settings. However, little is known about the acute effects of a highly intensive weight lifting exercise (clean and jerk) on the hemodynamic reaction.

Methods

18 non-professional experienced weight lifters were recruited. Hemodynamic parameters were obtained and measured at baseline (T1), after warming up (T2), and after a highly intensive clean and jerk exercise (90–95% of personal best; T3). Further, 15 (T4), and 30 min (T5) post-exercise measurements were conducted. Evaluated parameters were heart rate (HR) (b/min), peripheral and central systolic and diastolic blood pressure (pSysBP, pDiaBP, cSysBP, cDiaBP) (mmHg), pulse wave velocity (PWV) (m/s), and double product (DP).

Results

All hemodynamic values increased from T1 up to T3 with significantly higher values measured at T3 compared to T1 and T2. Values of measured parameters at T3 were as follows: HR: 94.4 ± 15.6 b/min, pSysBP: 147.1 ± 15.9 mmHg, pDiaBP: 87.4 ± 12.2 mmHg, cSysBP: 129.3 ± 13.8 mmHg, cDiaBP: 89.9 ± 12.8 mmHg, and: 5.8 ± 0.5 m/s, DP: 14053 ± 3669. Post-exercise (T4, T5), all values returned to baseline levels.

Conclusions

Results indicate that a highly intensive weight lifting exercise led to an acute increase of blood pressure and an acute stiffening of the arteries. Yet, increases were moderate and did not reach disproportionately high levels and returned to baseline levels within 15 min post-exercise. Hence, no negative acute effects of a maximum weight lifting exercise on the hemodynamic system are observed.

Keywords

Arterial stiffness Resistance training Weight lifting Clean and jerk Blood pressure Arterial compliance 

Abbreviations

ANOVA

Analyses of variance

AS

Arterial stiffness

BP

Blood pressure

cDiaBP

Central diastolic blood pressure

cSysBP

Central systolic blood pressure

DP

Double product

mmHg

Millimeter of mercury

m/s

Meter per second

NO

Nitric oxide

pDiaBP

Peripheral diastolic blood pressure

pSysBP

Peripheral systolic blood pressure

PWV

Pulse wave velocity

RT

Resistance training

WL

Weight lifting

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Anke Schmitz for her excellent technical support.

Author contributions

The contributions of the authors were as follows: FT and ER had the original idea for the study. FT, HO, ER, EI contributed to conception or design of the study and analysis or interpretation of the data of the present study. FT and ER drafted the manuscript and HO, EI, WB and MG critically revised the manuscript for important intellectual content.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Supplementary material

421_2019_4080_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (10 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 9 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Cardiology and Sports MedicineGerman Sport University CologneCologneGermany
  2. 2.Molecular and Cellular Sports MedicineGerman Sport University CologneCologneGermany
  3. 3.Department of Fitness and HealthIST University of Applied SciencesDüsseldorfGermany
  4. 4.The German Research Center of Elite Sport (Momentum)German Sport University CologneCologneGermany

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