Local high-frequency vibration therapy following eccentric exercises reduces muscle soreness perception and posture alterations in elite athletes
Exercise-induced muscle damage produces painful sensations (delayed onset of muscle soreness, DOMS). DOMS causes compensatory postural adaptations, which in turn affect athletes’ walking and running gait biomechanics. It is still debated whether the postural changes are due to impaired proprioception or pain perception. To disambiguate between these two contrasting hypotheses, we designed a study that tested post-exercise postural adjustments in two groups of athletes: a group who was administered a vibration therapy (VT), to attenuate pain perception, and a control group.
Thirty professional futsal players were tested on five different occasions: baseline, eccentric exercises (EE) session day, 24, 48 and 72 h after EE. Vibration therapy (120 Hz) was applied on legs muscles for 15 min in the experimental group, while no vibration was applied in the control group. The measurements included: isokinetic evaluation, stabilometric test, perceived soreness evaluation and serum levels of creatine kinase, and lactate dehydrogenase.
48 h after EE, the control group showed changes in biomechanical parameters (antero-rotations of pelvis, p < 0.05). A substantial alteration in the hip kinematics was found, associated to a reduced contractile force (p < 0.01) and soreness perception. On the contrary, the VT group did not show any change in posture and pain perception. High-intensity VT decreases EE effects on muscle strength and DOMS.
DOMS significantly changes athletes’ posture; but postural changes disappear following a VT therapy that decreases pain perception. It is concluded that soreness perception is the main cause of postural changes and that its effects can be counteracted using VT therapy.
KeywordsPain Futsal Vibration therapy Muscle recovery Balance Isokinetic Posture
Analysis of variance
Centers of mass
Center of pressure
Delayed onset of muscle soreness
Exercise-induced muscle damage
Intraclass correlation coefficients
Maximal voluntary contraction
Pressure pain threshold
Spina iliaca anterior superior
Spina iliaca posterior superior
Whole body vibration
PI conceived and directed the study, carried out the experiments, analyzed the data and wrote the paper. PR supervised the eccentric exercise procedures, performed blood samples preparation and analysis, contributed to data interpretation and discussion. GP supervised the project, contributed to data interpretation, discussion and wrote the paper.
- Bisciotti GN (2015) Groin pain syndrome: an association of different pathologies and a case presentation. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J 5:214–222Google Scholar
- Clarkson PM, Nosaka K, Braun B (1992) Muscle function after exercise-induced muscle damage and rapid adaptation. Med Sci Sports Exerc 24:512–520Google Scholar
- Cohen J (1988) Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Gandevia SC, Enoka RM, McComas AJ, Stuart DG, Thomas CK (1995) Neurobiology of muscle fatigue. Springer, Berlin, pp. 515–525Google Scholar
- Grimshaw P (2007) Sport and exercise biomechanics. Taylor & Francis Group, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Peake J, Nosaka K, Suzuki K (2005) Characterization of inflammatory responses to eccentric exercise in humans. Exerc Immunol Rev 11:64–85Google Scholar
- Pietrangelo T, Mancinelli R, Toniolo L, Cancellara L, Paoli A, Puglielli C, Iodice P, Doria C, Bosco G, D’Amelio L, Di Tano G, Fulle S, Saggini R, Fano G, Reggiani C (2009) Effects of local vibrations on skeletal muscle trophism in elderly people: mechanical, cellular, and molecular events. Int J Mol Med 24:503–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar