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Exercise-induced muscle damage on the contractile properties of the lumbar paraspinal muscles: a laser displacement mechanomyographic approach

  • Christian ThanEmail author
  • Llion Roberts
  • Brooke K. Coombes
  • Danijel Tosovic
  • J. Mark Brown
Original Article
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

This study investigated whether laser displacement mechanomyography (MMG) could detect acute injury of low back muscles following strenuous eccentric exercise.

Methods

Sixteen healthy adults (10 females, 6 males, mean ± standard deviation, age 21 ± 2.90 years, BMI 21.63 ± 1.99 kg/m2), without low back pain or low back resistance training, were recruited. Strength [maximum voluntary isometric contraction force (MVC)], pain intensity [visual analogue scale (VAS)], biological markers of muscle injury (serum myoglobin and creatine kinase levels), and MMG-derived muscle contractile properties were measured at seven different time points. Pre-exercise ‘control’ measures were taken prior to a strenuous eccentric exercise task, followed by an immediate post-exercise measurement and further four consecutive daily measurements. A final post-exercise measurement was completed on day 12 post-exercise.

Results

Compared to pre-exercise control, MVC was lower immediately post-exercise (day 1) and on days 2–3. VAS scores were higher post-exercise (day 1) and from days 2–5. Myoglobin was significantly higher on day 4, whilst creatine kinase was significantly higher on days 4–5. MMG-derived maximum muscle displacement (Dmax) was significantly diminished post-exercise (day 1) at all vertebral segments (L1-MT), while contraction velocity (Vc) was significantly slower at all segments except sacral multifidus. Vc recovered rapidly (by day 2), while mid-lumbar Dmax resolved on day 12. Dmax had moderate correlations with MVC (R = 0.61) and VAS (R = − 0.50), and low correlations with myoglobin (R = − 0.36).

Conclusion

MMG appears capable of detecting changes in muscle contractile properties associated with an acute bout of low back pain.

Keywords

Laser displacement mechanomyography (MMG) Low back pain Erector spinae Multifidus Acute injury Spine 

Abbreviations

CK

Creatine kinase

CV

Coefficient of variation

Dmax

Maximal muscle belly displacement

ES

Erector spinae

LBP

Low back pain

LDS

Laser displacement sensor

MMG

Mechanomyography

MT

Multifidus

MVC

Maximum voluntary contraction

MYO

Myoglobin

SEM

Standard error mean

Tc

Contraction time

TNS

Transcutaneous neuromuscular stimulation

VAS

Visual analogue scale

Vc

Contraction velocity

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledge all participants involved in the study for their contribution. The authors also wish to acknowledge QML pathology for their assistance in blood sample collection.

Author contributions

CT designed the experiment, collected and analysed the data, and wrote the manuscript. LR collected and analysed the data and edited the manuscript. BKC designed the experiment, analysed the data, and edited the manuscript. DT collected and analysed the data and edited the manuscript. JMB designed the experimented and edited the manuscript. All authors read and approved the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

421_2018_4067_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (43 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 42 KB)
421_2018_4067_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (36 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 35 KB)
421_2018_4067_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (39 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 39 KB)
421_2018_4067_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (21 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PDF 21 KB)
421_2018_4067_MOESM5_ESM.pdf (22 kb)
Supplementary material 5 (PDF 21 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biomedical SciencesThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.School of Allied Health Sciences and Menzies Health Institute QueenslandGriffith UniversityGold CoastAustralia

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