Burnout symptomatology and social support at work independent of the private sphere: a population-based study of French teachers
- 8 Downloads
To investigate the relationship between social support at work and burnout among teachers, independent of the teachers’ private social and environmental context.
In the 2013 “Teachers’ Quality of Life” population-based study (France, n = 2653), burnout symptomatology was assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The score for each dimension (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment) was dichotomized using extreme tertiles. Global score for social support at work, and subscores by source and type were derived from the Karasek Job Content Questionnaire and were categorized into tertiles (low, medium, and high). The private context was appraised through the “social relationships” and “environment” subscales of the short version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire. Associations between social support at work and burnout indicators were evaluated among 2473 teachers with complete data, using logistic regression models adjusted for the private context plus sociodemographic and work-related characteristics.
Eight percent of the teachers showed simultaneously high emotional exhaustion, high depersonalization and low personal accomplishment symptoms and were considered as burnout cases. After controlling for the private context, teachers who reported high social support at work were significantly less likely to report burnout [odds ratio (95% confidence interval) high vs. low = 0.62 (0.40, 0.98)]. When distinguishing the source of social support at work, only high social support from supervisors remained significantly associated with a lower risk of burnout [0.43 (0.27, 0.71)].
Improving social support at work, especially from a hierarchical point of view, may be an effective target to promote teacher’s well-being.
KeywordsTeachers Burnout Social support Private life
The authors would like to thank Fabien Gilbert and Pascale Lapie-Legouis, as well as the Office of Statistical Studies on Personnel of the French Ministry of Education (Direction de l’évaluation, de la prospective et de la performance—DEPP).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
- Dion G, Tessier R (1994) Validation de la traduction de l’Inventaire d’épuisement professionnel de Maslach et Jackson. [Validation of a French translation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI).]. Can J Behav Sci (Can des Sci du Comport) 26:210–227. https://doi.org/10.1037/0008-400x.26.2.210 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Greenglass ER, Fiksenbaum L, Burke RJ (1994) The relationship between social support and burnout over time in teachers. J Soc Behav Personal 9:219–230Google Scholar
- Karasek R, Theorell T (1990) Healthy work: stress, productivity, and the reconstruction of working life. Basic Book, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Naghieh A, Montgomery P, Bonell CP et al (2015) Organisational interventions for improving wellbeing and reducing work-related stress in teachers. In: Naghieh A (ed) Cochrane database of systematic reviews. Wiley, Chichester, pp 10–13Google Scholar
- Niedhammer I (2002) Psychometric properties of the French version of the Karasek Job Content Questionnaire: a study of the scales of decision latitude, psychological demands, social support, and physical demands in the GAZEL cohort. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 75:129–144. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004200100270 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Pikhart H, Pikhartova J (2015) The relationship between psychosocial risk factors and health outcomes of chronic diseases. a review of the evidence for cancer and cardiovascular diseases. WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen (Health Evidence Network (HEN) synthesis report)Google Scholar
- Schonfeld IS, Bianchi R, Luehring-Jones P (2017) Consequences of job stress for the mental health of teachers. In: McIntyre TM, McIntyre SE, Francis DJ (eds) Aligning perspectives on health, safety and well-being. Educator stress: an occupational health perspective. Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland. pp 55–75. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53053-6_3
- Van Dyck D, Teychenne M, McNaughton SA et al (2015) Relationship of the perceived social and physical environment with mental health-related quality of life in middle-aged and older adults: mediating effects of physical activity. PLoS One 10:1–16. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120475 Google Scholar