The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in choroidal thickness and in choroidal vascular blood flow in patients with thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) and their relationship with clinical features and disease activity using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and Angio-OCT technology.
Eighteen patients and control subjects underwent a complete eye examination, OCT, and Angio-OCT. We also obtained angiographic scans at 3 different consecutive levels (L1, L2, and L3) below the choriocapillary.
The subfoveal choroid was significantly thicker in TAO patients than the control eyes (285.6275 ± 32.5 μm compared with 135.89 ± 19.8 μm, respectively, p = 0.0089). The correlation analysis in the TAO group showed a significant correlation between the choroidal thickness and EUGOGO clinical score (r = 0.84, p = 8.44032E-07). Vascular flow of choriocapillary was markedly reduced in subjects with TAO compared with healthy subjects (49.78 ± 4.5 vs. 53.36 ± 1.07; p = 2.5105E-07) and vascular flow of the deeper layer L3 resulted higher in subjects with TAO than in healthy subjects (46.9 ± 20.23 and 41.475 ± 3.06; p = 0.01168).
Subfoveal choroidal thickness and choroidal blood flow were significantly different in patients with TAO compared with healthy subjects.
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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional review board and with the Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
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Del Noce, C., Vagge, A., Nicolò, M. et al. Evaluation of choroidal thickness and choroidal vascular blood flow in patients with thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) using SD-OCT and Angio-OCT. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00417-020-04616-9