Advertisement

James Crichton-Browne (1840–1938)

  • Marco Cambiaghi
Pioneers in Neurology
  • 12 Downloads

James Crichton-Browne was born on November 29, 1840, at his mother’s family home, 3 St John’s Hill, Edinburgh, close to the University [8]. He was given his second name, Crichton, to mark the munificence of Mrs Elizabeth Crichton, who had given £100,000 to found an asylum at Dumfries in 1839, and was chosen as his godmother [7]. His mother, Magdalene Howden Balfour, possessed a wide literary knowledge and came from a family of scientists, while his father, Dr William Alexander Francis Browne (1805–1885), one of the most prominent medical psychologists in Scotland at the time, was the physician-superintendent of the Crichton Royal Institution at Dumfries. Unsurprisingly many notable figures in medicine, science and literature were frequent guests in Browne’s home. This cultured intellectual and literary atmosphere strongly influenced the young minds of James and his brothers, William—who died in 1846, aged 11—and John Hutton Balfour Browne, who became the eminent King’s Counsel and...

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Brown TM, Fee E (2004) Sir James Crichton-Browne: Victorian psychiatrist and public health reformer. Am J Public Health 94(5):724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cavanaugh R (2018) James Crichton-Browne. Lancet Neurol 17(1):31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Crichton Browne J (ed) (1871) West Riding Lunatic Asylum Reports; 6 volumes. LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Crichton-Browne J (1879) On the weight of the brain and its component parts in the insane. Brain 2:42–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Crichton-Browne J (1907) Dexterity and the bend sinister. In: Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, vol 18, pp 623–52Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Crichton-Browne J (1924) The story of the brain. The Henderson Trust lecture—No. II. In: Delivered at the University of Edinburgh, 29th February. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh and LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Crichton-Browne J (1940) Some early Crichton memories. In: Easterbrook CC (ed) The Chronicle of Crichton Royal 1 833–1936. Courier Press, Dumfries, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Easterbrook CC (1938) Obituary: Sir James Crichton-Browne. Edinburgh Med J 45:294–301Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jellinek EH (2005) Sir James Crichton-Browne (1840–1938): pioneer neurologist and scientific drop-out. J R Soc Med 98(9):428–430PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Neve M, Turner T (1995) What the doctor thought and did: Sir James Crichton-Browne 1840–1938. Med Hist 39:399–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeuroscienceUniversity of TurinTurinItaly

Personalised recommendations