Pierre Mollaret (1898–1987)

  • Bruno Kusznir VitturiEmail author
  • Wilson Luiz Sanvito
Pioneers in Neurology

Pierre Mollaret was born in Auxerre, France, on 10 July 1898. He began his studies in medicine in 1916, but soon his education was interrupted by World War I. During 1917 and 1918, he served as an assistant physician and when the war ended he was decorated with the Croix de Guerre. In 1919, he was a volunteer with a Polish group of light infantry and received the Order of the Campagne de Pologne. He returned to his medical studies in 1920 and finally received his degree in 1926 [1, 2]. During medical school, his interest in the nervous system was specially instigated by one of his professors, the eminent neurologist Georges Charles Guillain (1876–1961) [3], with whom he had the pleasure of working for more than 20 years. In parallel to his activity as a clinician, Mollaret defended a doctoral thesis in the field of nervous physiology, under the direction of Louis Lapicque. In addition, during the years 1928–1946 he was in charge of the conferences of the diseases of the nervous system...


Poliomyelitis Meningitis Coma Movement disorders 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The author declares that there is no competing interest.


  1. 1.
    Sarikcioglu L, Sindel M (2007) Pierre Mollaret (1898–1987) and his legacy to science. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 78(10):1135CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Théodoridès J (1989) Le Professeur Pierre Mollaret (1898–1987). Histoire des Sciences Médicales, Organe officiel de la Société française d’histoire de la médecine, t. XXIII, no. 1Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pietrzak K, Grzybowski A, Kaczmarczyk J (2016) Georges Guillain (1876–1961). J Neurol 263(10):2148–2149CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pearce JMS (2008) Mollaret’s meningitis. Eur Neurol 60:316–317CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tilikete C, Desestret V (2017) Hypertrophic olivary degeneration and palatal or oculopalatal tremor. Front Neurol 29:8:302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Guillain G, Mollaret P (1931) Deux cas de myoclonies synchrones et rythmées vélo-pliaryngo-oculo-diaphragmatiques. Le problème anatomique et physio-pathologiue de ce syndrome. Rev Neurol (Paris) 2:545–566Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mollaret P (1977) La méningite endothélio-leucocytaire multirécurrente bénigne. Rev Neurol (Paris) 133:225–244Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mollaret P, Goulon M (1959) Le coma dépassé. Rev Neurol (Paris) 101:3–15Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Goulon M, Babinet P, Simon N (1983) Brain death or coma Dépassé. In: Tinker J, Rapin M (eds) Care of the critically Ill patient. Springer, London, pp 765–771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Arlet G, Perol-Vauchez Y (1991) The current status of cat-scratch disease: an update. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 14(3):223–228CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologySanta Casa de São Paulo School of Medical SciencesSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyUniversité Paris 1 Panthéon-SorbonneParisFrance

Personalised recommendations