This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Fasano A, Bloem BR (2013) Gait disorders. Continuum (Minneap Minn) 19:1344–1482
Jankovic J (2015) Gait disorders. Neurol Clin 33:249–268
Rohani M, Kalsi-Ryan S, Lozano AM, Fasano A (2017) Spinal cord stimulation in primary progressive freezing of gait. Mov Disord 32:1336–1337
Factor SA (2008) The clinical spectrum of freezing of gait in atypical parkinsonism. Mov Disord 23:S431–S438
Fasano A, Baldari S, Di Giuda D et al (2012) Nigro-striatal involvement in primary progressive freezing gait: insights into a heterogeneous pathogenesis. Parkinsonism Relat Disord 18:578–584
Factor SA, Higgins DS, Qian J (2006) Primary progressive freezing gait: a syndrome with many causes. Neurology 66:411–414
Bloem BR, Hausdorff JM, Visser JE, Giladi N (2004) Falls and freezing of gait in Parkinson’s disease: a review of two interconnected, episodic phenomena. Mov Disord 19:871–884
Kovacs GG (2017) Tauopathies. Handb Clin Neurol 145:355–368
Jankovic J (2016) Neurological diseases and their treatment. Neurological disorders. Parkinson disease and other movement disorders. Progressive supranuclear palsy. In: Daroff RB, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomeroy SL (eds) Bradley’s neurology in clinical practice, vol 2, 7th edn. Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 1439–1440
Höglinger GU, Respondek G, Stamelou M et al (2017) Clinical diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy: the movement disorder society criteria. Mov Disord 32:853–864
Respondek G, Kurz C, Arzberger T et al (2017) Which ante mortem clinical features predict progressive supranuclear palsy pathology? Mov Disord 32:995–1005
Williams DR, Lees AJ (2009) Progressive supranuclear palsy: clinicopathological concepts and diagnostic challenges. Lancet Neurol 8:270–279
Donovan S, Lim C, Diaz N et al (2011) Laserlight cues for gait freezing in Parkinson’s disease: an open-label study. Parkinsonism Relat Disord 17:240–245
Velik R, Hoffmann U, Zabaleta H, Marti Masso JF, Keller T (2012) The effect of visual cues on the number and duration of freezing episodes in Parkinson’s patients. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2012:4656–4659
Marsden CD, Obeso JA (1994) The functions of the basal ganglia and the paradox of stereotaxic surgery in Parkinson’s disease. Brain 117:877–897
We wish to thank the patient and her family for their cooperation regarding this report. We obtained written informed consent from the patient’s son for this publication.
There is no funding.
Conflicts of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
This single case study has been approved by our Institution’s Ethics Committee and have, therefore, been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki.
Electronic supplementary material
Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.
About this article
Cite this article
León Ruiz, M., García-Soldevilla, M.Á. & García-Albea Ristol, E. Primary progressive freezing gait with impressive response to laser light visual cueing: a video case report. J Neurol 265, 2146–2148 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-018-8966-9