Advertisement

Age estimation at death by the study of chest plate radiographs: establishing a Tunisian male score

  • Nidhal Haj SalemEmail author
  • Said Saadi
  • Sami Ben Jomaa
  • Houssem Othmani
  • Badii Hmida
  • Sana Elmhamdi
  • Abir Aissaoui
  • Mondher Golli
  • Ali Chadly
Population Data
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

We aim to establish a Tunisian score for age estimation through the study of chest plate’s radiographs of a Tunisian male sample. We have focused on the study of 128 chest plate radiographs of Tunisian male individuals. We have established a score of eight criteria. The total score ranges from 8 to 32. Three observers scored double-blind the X-ray films. We studied the correlation of each criterion as well as the total score with chronological age for each observer. We also tested the reproducibility and the repeatability of criteria and total score. We calculated the estimated age for each score. We studied the relationship between the estimated age and the chronological age. The correlation between the total score and the chronological age has been good for the three observers (0.746, 0.756 and 0.742). The total score gives an estimation of age with a standard deviation of ± 5.88 years and a confidence interval of 95%, the interval’s width increases gradually from 6.9 years to 23 years.

Keywords

Forensic medicine Anthropology Age Sternum Rib Radiography 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine, Monastir University.

References

  1. 1.
    McCormick WF (1980) Mineralization of the costal cartilages as an indicator of age: preliminary observations. J Forensic Sci 25(4):736–741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    McCormick WF, Stewart JH (1988) Age related changes in the human plastron: a roentgenographic and morphologic study. J Forensic Sci 33(1):100–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barrès DR, Durigon M, Paraire F (1989) Age estimation from quantification of features of “chest plate” Xrays. J Forensic Sci 34(1):228–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Scheuer L, Black S (2000) Chapter 7: the thorax. In: Developmental juvenile osteology. Academic Press Elsevier Ltd, Great Britain, pp 219–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kampen WU, Claassen H, Kirsch T (1995) Mineralization and osteogenesis in the human first rib cartilage. Ann Anat 177(2):171–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Barchilon V, Hershkovitz I, Rothschild BM, Wish-Baratz S, Latimer B, Jellema LM, Hallel T, Arensburg B (1996) Factors affecting the rate and pattern of the first costal cartilage ossification. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 17(3):239–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stein PL, Rowe BM (2011) Chapter 1: investigating the nature of humankind. In: Physical anthropology, 10th edn. McGraw-Hill Companies Inc, New York, pp 1–22Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Garvin HM (2010) Chapter 8: limitations of cartilage ossification as an indicator of age at death. In: Latham KE, Finnegan M (eds) Age estimation of the human skeleton. Charles C. Thomas Publisher LTD, USA, pp 118–133Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Monum T, Mekjaidee K, Pattamapaspong N, Prasitwattanaseree S (2017) Age estimation by chest plate radiographs in a Thai male population. Sci Justice 57:169–173.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2017.02.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Haj Salem N, Aissaoui A, Mesrati MA, Belhadj M, Quatrehomme G, Chadly A (2014) Age estimation from the sternal end of the fourth rib: a study of the validity of İşcan’s method in Tunisian male population. Legal Med 16(6):385–389.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2014.06.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Scheuer L, Black S (2004) Chapter 7: the thorax. In: The juvenile skeleton. Academic Press Elsevier, Great Britain, pp 227–244Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    The Tunisian Republic. Law n ° 91–22 of March 25, 1991, relative to the collection and the transplantation of human organs. Official Journal No 22 of March 29, 1991, p 467Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lillian E, Michael R (1954) Effects of Age on the Histochemical Characterization of Costal Cartilage. American Journal of Physiology-Legacy Content 178(2):296–304Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wall BF, Hart D (1997) Revised radiation doses for typical X-ray examinations. Report on a recent review of doses to patients from medical X-ray examinations in the UK by NRPB. National Radiological Protection Board.. The British Journal of Radiology 70 (833):437–439Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Garamendi PM, Landa MI, Aleman I, Botella MC (2007) Ossification of first rib cartilage related to age. Applications in the forensic estimation of age. Cuad Med Forense 13:243–253Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pedro MG, Maria IL, Miguel CB, Inmaculada A (2011) Forensic Age Estimation on Digital X-ray Images: Medial Epiphyses of the Clavicle and First Rib Ossification in Relation to Chronological Age*,†. Journal of Forensic Sciences 56:S3–S12Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Brooks S, Suchey JM (1990) Skeletal age determination based on the os pubis: A comparison of the Acsádi-Nemeskéri and Suchey-Brooks methods. Human Evolution 5(3):227–238Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Işcan MY, Loth SR, Wright RK (1984) Age estimation from the rib by phase analysis: white males. J Forensic Sci 29(4):1094–1104Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thouvenin Y, Véron S, Léautaud A, Cardini S, Vitry F, Marcus C (2009) Identification médico-légale : détermination de l’âge osseux par étude tomodensitométrique de la paroi thoracique antérieure. Feuillets de Radiologie 49(1):32–39Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Guillaume O, Valentin H, Yannick W, Laurent M, Alain B (2016) Age Estimation in Living Adults using 3D Volume Rendered CT Images of the Sternal Plastron and Lower Chest. Journal of Forensic Sciences 61(1):127–133Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nidhal Haj Salem
    • 1
    Email author
  • Said Saadi
    • 1
  • Sami Ben Jomaa
    • 1
  • Houssem Othmani
    • 1
  • Badii Hmida
    • 2
  • Sana Elmhamdi
    • 3
  • Abir Aissaoui
    • 4
  • Mondher Golli
    • 2
  • Ali Chadly
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Forensic Medicine and Laboratory of Research LR12SP14, Teaching Hospital Fattouma BourguibaUniversity of MonastirMonastirTunisia
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyTeaching Hospital Fattouma BourguibaMonastirTunisia
  3. 3.Department of Community Health and EpidemiologyTeaching Hospital Taher SfarMahdiaTunisia
  4. 4.Department of Forensic MedicineTeaching Hospital Taher SfarMahdiaTunisia

Personalised recommendations