Autosomal STR allele frequencies in Kahars of Uttar Pradesh, India, drawn with PowerPlex® 21 multiplex system

  • Mukesh Sunmansingh Batham
  • K. P. S. Kushwaha
  • Tanya Chauhan
  • R. K. Kumawat
  • Pankaj ShrivastavaEmail author
Population Data


We report here the genomic portrait of Kahar population of Uttar Pradesh, India, drawn by 20 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci included in PowerPlex® 21 multiplex system from 147 unrelated individuals.

The combined discrimination power (CPD) and combined exclusion power (CPE) observed a value of 1 for all the tested 20 autosomal STR loci. Locus Penta E showed the highest power of discrimination (0.976) in the studied population, whereas TPOX showed the lowest (0.851). The study presents the first global report on genetic data of Kahar population and comparison at common loci with the previously published population. The study was done with the aim of studying genetic diversity and adding to the population database.


Forensic STR Autosomal Uttar Pradesh Kahar PowerPlex® 21 



We express our sincere thanks to Shri Javeed Ahmad, IPS, Director, LNJN National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science, Govt. of India, New Delhi, for the support and encouragement for undertaking the present study. Our thanks are also due to the volunteer subjects for providing the samples and to Promega (India) for providing PP 21 multiplex kit for the study. We are also thankful to the Director, State Forensic Science Laboratory, Sagar, M.P., for extending the laboratory facility to accomplish the study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical statement

The study was conducted in compliance with ethical standards.

Supplementary material

414_2019_2046_MOESM1_ESM.docx (24 kb)
Figure S1 Power of discrimination (PD) and polymorphic information content (PIC) in Kahar population, India, based on autosomal STRs (DOCX 23 kb)
414_2019_2046_MOESM2_ESM.docx (147 kb)
Figure S2 PCA plot of Kahar population with the compared Indian populations based on autosomal STR data (DOCX 147 kb)
414_2019_2046_MOESM3_ESM.docx (122 kb)
Figure S3 NJ tree comparison of Kahar population with other countries reported populations based on autosomal STR data. (DOCX 121 kb)
414_2019_2046_MOESM4_ESM.docx (328 kb)
Figure S4 PCA plot of Kahar population with the compared with other countries populations based on autosomal STR data (DOCX 328 kb)
414_2019_2046_MOESM5_ESM.xlsx (30 kb)
ESM 1 (XLSX 30 kb)


  1. 1.
    Srivastava A, Kumawat R, Dixit S, Kaitholia K, Shrivastava D, Yadav VK, Nigam K, Sharma H, Trivedi VB, Chaubey G, Shrivastava P (2019) Genetic data for PowerPlex 21™ autosomal and PowerPlex 23 Y-STR™loci from population of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Int J Legal Med.
  2. 2.
    Shrivastava P, Jain T, Trivedi VB (2016) Genetic portrait of Oraon Indian tribe drawn with 15 autosomal and 17 Y chromosomal STR markers. Int J Legal Med 130(5):1185–1186CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mukesh Sunmansingh Batham
    • 1
  • K. P. S. Kushwaha
    • 1
  • Tanya Chauhan
    • 1
  • R. K. Kumawat
    • 2
  • Pankaj Shrivastava
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.LNJN National Institute of Criminology and Forensic ScienceRohiniIndia
  2. 2.DNA DivisionState Forensic Science LaboratoryJaipurIndia
  3. 3.DNA Fingerprinting Unit, State Forensic Science LaboratoryDepartment of Home (Police), Govt. of MPSagarIndia

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