International Journal of Legal Medicine

, Volume 133, Issue 2, pp 433–463 | Cite as

Autosomal short tandem repeat variations and population genetic data on 23 systems in seven major subpopulations from Lebanon

  • Ansar El Andari
  • Mira Khazzouh
  • Issam MansourEmail author
Population Data


Population allele frequency is an indicator of population genetic diversity and plays significant roles in DNA profiling interpretation in human identification, kinship, and forensic testing. The Lebanese population is a mosaic of 18 religious communities with high rates of consanguinity and endogamy. Allele frequencies for 23 STR loci were estimated and analyzed in the seven major Lebanese religious subcommunities (Muslims Shiaa, Sunni, and Druze, and Christians Orthodox, Maronite, and Catholics), to assess possible significant differences among their STR allele frequencies.


STR DNA profile DNA interpretation DNA testing Subpopulation Endogamy Consanguinity Allele frequencies Lebanon 



The authors extended their gratitude to Prof. Franco Taroni for his valuable recommendations and feedback, to Ms. Myriam Helou, Marc Obeid, Fidaa el Moughrabi, and Hadi Kabbout for their valuable help, and to all the participants of the study. This work was granted with the multiplex kits by Promega Corporation.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ansar El Andari
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mira Khazzouh
    • 1
  • Issam Mansour
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Molecular Biology Laboratory, Faculty of Health SciencesAmerican University of Science and TechnologyBeirutLebanon
  2. 2.School of Criminal JusticeUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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