, Volume 197, Issue 6, pp 803–810 | Cite as

Management of Australian Adults with Bronchiectasis in Tertiary Care: Evidence-Based or Access-Driven?

  • Simone K. VisserEmail author
  • Peter T. P. Bye
  • Greg J. Fox
  • Lucy D. Burr
  • Anne B. Chang
  • Chien-Li Holmes-Liew
  • Paul King
  • Peter G. Middleton
  • Graeme P. Maguire
  • Daniel Smith
  • Rachel M. Thomson
  • Enna Stroil-Salama
  • Warwick J. Britton
  • Lucy C. Morgan



Australian data regarding the management of patients with bronchiectasis is scarce. We sought to compare the management of adults with bronchiectasis attending tertiary Australian centres with recent national and international guidelines.


The Australian Bronchiectasis Registry is a centralised database of patients with radiologically confirmed bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis recruited from 14 tertiary Australian hospitals. We excluded children (<18 years) and those with incomplete data, leaving 589 adults for cross-sectional analyses. We compared the proportion of patients receiving certain therapies, as compared to the proportion eligible for those treatments according to the current guidelines and baseline clinical information available from the registry.


Pulmonary rehabilitation was attended by 22%, although it was indicated in 67% of the cohort. Airway clearance was undertaken in 52% of patients, although 71% reported chronic productive cough. Sputum bacterial culture results were available for 59%, and mycobacterial culture results were available for 29% of the cohort. Inhaled antibiotics were used in half of potentially eligible patients. Despite guideline recommendations against routine use, inhaled corticosteroids were used in 48% of patients. Long-term macrolides were used in 28% of participants.


Discrepancies exist between guideline recommendations and real-world treatment of bronchiectasis in Australia, even in tertiary centres. These findings suggest the need for increased patient referral to pulmonary rehabilitation, increased attention to airway clearance, increased collection of sputum samples (especially for mycobacterial culture) and rationalisation of inhaled corticosteroid use. These findings encourage a review of treatment access and will inform ongoing education to promote evidence-based care for people living with bronchiectasis.


Bronchiectasis Treatment Guidelines Registry Australia 



The Australian Bronchiectasis Registry is generously supported by the Australian Lung Foundation, Insmed Incorporated and the Zambon Group. Drs Bye, Burr, Chang, Holmes-Liew, King, Middleton, Maguire, Smith, Thomson and Morgan have been involved in clinical research related to bronchiectasis. Dr Chang is supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) practitioner fellowship (Grant 1154302) and Dr Visser by a NHMRC post-graduate scholarship (Grant 1134081). Neither pharmaceutical company, nor any sponsoring or supporting body had any input to the interpretation of data or preparation of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simone K. Visser
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Peter T. P. Bye
    • 1
    • 2
  • Greg J. Fox
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lucy D. Burr
    • 3
    • 4
  • Anne B. Chang
    • 5
    • 6
  • Chien-Li Holmes-Liew
    • 7
  • Paul King
    • 8
  • Peter G. Middleton
    • 9
  • Graeme P. Maguire
    • 10
    • 11
  • Daniel Smith
    • 12
    • 13
  • Rachel M. Thomson
    • 14
  • Enna Stroil-Salama
    • 15
  • Warwick J. Britton
    • 16
  • Lucy C. Morgan
    • 17
    • 18
  1. 1.Central Clinical School Faculty of Medicine and HealthThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Respiratory MedicineRoyal Prince Alfred HospitalCamperdownAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Respiratory and Sleep MedicineMater HealthSouth BrisbaneAustralia
  4. 4.Mater ResearchUniversity of QueenslandSt LuciaAustralia
  5. 5.Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Queensland Children’s HospitalQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  6. 6.Child Health Division, Menzies School of Health ResearchCharles Darwin UniversityDarwinAustralia
  7. 7.Department of Thoracic Medicine, Royal Adelaide HospitalUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  8. 8.Monash Respiratory and Sleep MedicineMonash Medical CentreMelbourneAustralia
  9. 9.Department of Respiratory MedicineWestmead HospitalWestmeadAustralia
  10. 10.Western Clinical SchoolUniversity of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  11. 11.General Internal MedicineWestern HealthMelbourneAustralia
  12. 12.The Prince Charles Hospital – Thoracic MedicineBrisbaneAustralia
  13. 13.QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute – Lung Inflammation and Infection LaboratoryHerstonAustralia
  14. 14.Department of Respiratory MedicineGreenslopes Private HospitalGreenslopesAustralia
  15. 15.Lung Foundation AustraliaMiltonAustralia
  16. 16.Centenary InstituteThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  17. 17.Concord Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine and HealthUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  18. 18.Department of Respiratory MedicineConcord General Repatriation HospitalConcordAustralia

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